Dhundiraj Govind Phalke who is popularly recognized as Dadasaheb Phalke was an Indian producer-director-screenwriter before India’s independence. He is also known as the Father of Indian Cinema. He made his debut film Raja Harishchandra in 1913 which is now known as India’s first full-length feature film.
During his career span of 19 years, he made 95 movies and 26 short films. His most notable works included Mohini Bhasmasur (1913), Satyavan Savitri (1914), Lanka Dahan (1917), Shri Krishna Janma (1918) and Kaliya Mardan (1919). The Government of India instituted Dadasaheb Phalke Award, for lifetime contribution to cinema in 1969 in his honor. In the year 2001, an honorary award from Dadasaheb Phalke Academy Mumbai was introduced for lifetime achievement in Indian cinema.
Dadasaheb specialized in lithography and oleograph and has also worked for the painter Raja Ravi Varma. Later, he started his own printing press and made his first trip to Germany to learn about latest technology, machinery and art before making films.
By: Bhavna Sharma