Sir Chandrasekhara Venkata Raman, the first Indian who received the Nobel Prize in Physics was born in Tamil Nadu, India, on 7.10.1888. He was a brilliant student.
At the age of 11, he passed his matriculation examination; and at 13, he passed his F.A exam with a scholarship. He won a gold medal in his college. After completing his Master’s degree, he began as a Deputy Accountant General. But he was researching the world of physics in his free time.
In 19217, he was invited to become the first Palit Professor of Physics at the University of Calcutta. Though the pay was much lower than his salary then, he gladly resigned his job to join the university.
He wondered why water which is colorless appears blue in the Mediterranean Sea and the glaciers. In a quest to unravel the mystery behind, he conducted many experiments on the scattering of light. His discovery ultimately was named the “Raman Effect”. It was for this discovery that he won the Nobel Prize in Physics.
He went ahead to establish the Raman Research Institute in Bangalore in 1948 where he worked till his death.