India is a vast South Asian country with diverse terrain and a huge population. It is suggested by the experts that the population is growing faster than other populous nations. As per the experts, the population boom could pose certain challenges and have a major impact on India's economy. Milk production is one of the major challenges that India had faced before Project Flood.
In India, milk is obtained from animals such as cows, buffaloes, goats and from camels (in Rajasthan). The Indian Dairy Industry has gained substantial expansion from the Eighth Plan onwards. It is believed that India’s milk output has placed the industry first in the world. Additionally, India’s milk output has represented continued growth in the availability of milk and milk products.
As per the Economic data, dairy sector is now the largest contributor in the agricultural sector to the nation’s GDP. India’s dairy industry achieved this success after the occurrence of Project Flood known as White Revolution.
In 1965, the National Dairy Development Board (NDDB) was placed to support, plan and organize dairy development through cooperatives. These cooperatives were envisioned as democratic institutions, owned and managed by rural producers. The project was divided into 3 different phases that helped the National Dairy Development Board to achieve the set targets.
By: Priyanka Negi