Indira Priyadarshini Gandhi was the first and till date the only female Prime Minister of India. The central figure of the Indian National Congress party was born on 19th November, 1917. She was the daughter of India’s first Prime Minister, Jawaharlal Nehru. The years she served as Prime Minister were from 1966 to 1977 and then again from 1980 till she met her assassination in 1984.
Indira Gandhi became the second-longest-serving Prime Minister of India after Jawaharlal Nehru. She ruled by decree during emergency state from 1975 to 1977. She started her career in politics by serving her father as personal assistant and hostess during his period as Prime Minister between 1947 and 1964. In 1959, she was elected as Congress President. She was known for her political ruthlessness and unparalleled centralization of power.
She was assassinated in 1984 by Sikh nationalists. The assassins Beant Singh and Satwant Singh were both shot by other security guards. In a poll organized by the BBC in 1999, she was named as “Woman of the Millennium”.
By: Bhavna Sharma