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FG News

Indian students need more varsities for higher education

10 Mar 16
The new education policy that is likely to be submitted this week could unveil a roadmap that may transform higher education institutes into centres of excellence. Having said that, as per media reports, every year 2,00,000 students take admissions in foreign universities for reasons which range from fewer seats at premier Indian institutes to substandard academic institutions in the country. The gap, between the entry point at primary level and those opting for higher education abroad is said to be lack of quality education at primary and middle-school level. Estimates show in the coming five years, the number of students opting to study in foreign land is expected to grow from 26 million to 40 million. Also, by 2020 India will need another 700 universities for 14 million students. This will be in addition to over 700 universities and 40,000 colleges we have, as of today. Educationists have time and again expressed concern over lack of funding and innovation in primary education in India. Even after being the backbone of higher education, it grimly remains a neglected sector. The situation is worse in villages and government schools where dropout rates are high and motivation to join school is low.The foundation has to be right and there should be adequate educational institutes in the country to stop these students from stepping out of the country.

May 2017 Analyzed as Second Warmest May

22 Jun 17

In 137 years of modern record-keeping, May 2017 was found to be the second warmest May. The records were analyzed by scientists at NASA's Goddard Institute for Space Studies (GISS) in New York. The scientists found this by a monthly analysis of global temperatures at Institute.

The scientists found that the last month was 0.88 degrees Celsius warmer. It was warmer than the mean May temperature from 1951-1980. The top irregularities in temperatures of May have happened in the last two years only. 2016 was the hottest year on record. It was at 0.93 degrees Celsius warmer than the May mean temperature. The temperature of May 2017 was 0.05 degrees cooler than the temperature of May 2016.

The temperature of May 2017 was very closely warm to the third warmest May on records.  May 2017 was just 0.01 degrees Celsius warmer than the third warmest May that happened in the year 2014.

Content: climate.nasa.gov



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Health Benefits and Risks of Broccoli

21 Jun 17

Broccoli is a vegetable packed with nutrients and health benefits. It has high amounts of fiber, vitamin A, vitamin C, vitamin B6, and potassium; and some amounts of phosphorus, zinc, magnesium and iron. Further, it is low in calories and sodium; and is fat-free.

It is also rich in antioxidants and phytochemicals. Phytochemicals are plant-chemicals responsible for smell, flavor and color. These have several health benefits. Antioxidants are chemicals found in vegetables, fruits, and grains. These locate cell-damage causing free radicals, and neutralize them. Broccoli has numerous health benefits. The compounds in broccoli improve autism symptoms, reduce diabetes, prevent cancer, reduce cholesterol, impart anti-inflammatory benefits, detoxify body, enhance heart health, improve eye health, and promote digestion.  

However, eating broccoli can cause bowel irritation or gas because of the high amounts of fiber in it. But, the health benefits outweigh this issue. Further, those taking blood-thinning medications should not consume this vegetable as its vitamin K content may reduce the effectiveness of the medicine. To enjoy the anticancer benefits of this vegetable, it should be taken raw or microwaved (for <= 3 mins) or steamed (for <= 2 mins) or stir-fried (for <= 5 mins). 

Content: www.livescience.com



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How is the GDP of India Calculated?

20 Jun 17

Gross Domestic Product, also known as GDP is used all across the globe as the single standard indicator to measure the health and status of an economy. All important stakeholders of the economy including the media keep a very close watch on GDP estimates. It provides one single number representing the monetary value of all the finished goods and services produced within the borders of a nation in a specific period of time. All countries across the globe have different methods to arrive at their GDP.

GDP of India-

The Central Statistics Office (CSO) is responsible for all data for all macroeconomic data and record keeping. It conducts annual survey of industries and compiles indexes like – Index of Industrial Production (IIP), Consumer Price Index (CPI), Whole sale Price Index (WPI) etc. All this data including other indicators and data points are collected by CSO to arrive at GDP numbers.

Although the GDP of India is calculated using two different methods, the GDP at factor cost is reported in the media and is the most commonly followed figure.

It is calculated by collecting data for net change in value for each sector. Eight major sectors are taken into account to reach the final numbers in terms of ratio or percentage.

  • Community, social and personal services
  • Financing, insurance, real estate and business services
  • Trade, hotels, transport and communication
  • Construction
  • Electricity, gas and water supply
  • Mining and quarrying
  • Manufacturing
  • Agriculture, forest and fishing

Content: www.investopedia.com

 



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Scientists Observe, the Amount of Water Needed To Carve Martian Valleys

19 Jun 17

A recent research has proven that an amount of water needed to carve Martian valleys.Before this many studies had suggested the presence of the ocean, active hydrologic cycle.However, a new study led by Northern Illinois University geography professor Wei Luo calculates the amount of water needed to carve the ancient network of valleys on Mars.The scientists concluded that the Red Planet's surface was once much more watery than earlier thought.

 The satellites received the convincing evidence while orbiting Mars’ surface.  With the help of the evidence, the scientists stated that water helped shape the planet's landscape billions of years ago. However, questions have lingered over how much water actually flowed on the planet, and the ocean hypothesis has been hotly debated.The scientists stated that the new estimate of the amount of water needed to sculpt the valleys is at least one order of magnitude larger than the volume of a hypothesized ocean.

 Content- www.sciencedaily.com



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LAL BAHADUR SHASTRI

18 Jun 17

Lal Bahadur Shastri, the second Prime Minister of independent India, was a man of exceptional will-power. In 1965, he successfully led India through Indo-Pakistan War. He popularized the slogan ‘Jai Jawan Jai Kisan’. This soft-spoken, yet bold leader who was against the prevailing caste and dowry system, also effectively tackled basic issues like poverty, unemployment and food-shortage.

He was born on 2nd October, 1904, to Sharada Prasad Shrivastava and Ramdulari Devi, in Uttar Pradesh. In 1915, he became interested in the Indian nationalist movement after being inspired by the stories and speeches of national leaders. In 1928, he married Lalita Devi, and they had 6 children.

He became a local unit secretary of the Congress party in 1930, and the president of the Allahabad Congress Committee later. He actively participated in ‘Salt Satyagraha’. In 1942, the British government arrested and confined him.  In 1937, he was elected to the UP Legislative Assembly. Before being elected as the PM of India, he served in various positions.

He resigned his PM post in 1956, and returned to the Cabinet in 1957. In 1966, he died a mysterious death abroad. Posthumously, he was awarded the Bharat Ratna award in 1966. 

Content: Wikipedia



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