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How Much You Know about the Cross Country Skiing

02 Jul 17

Cross country skiing is the oldest form of skiing which emerged from a need of travel over snow-covered terrain and developed as a sport at the end of the 19th century. Cross country skiing was originated in Scandinavia over 5000 years ago, it was not introduced to Canada until the 1890s. In the early stages of the sport, most skiers carried a single pole.

It is believed that for centuries in the snow-covered North, skis gathered firewood in winter time. With long distances between the small, isolated communities and hard, snowy winters, skiing also became important as means of keeping in social contact. The word “ski” is a Norwegian word which comes from the Old Norse word “skid”, a split length of wood.

As per the history of skiing, there are different types of skis emerged at various regions at about the same time. One type had a horizontal toe-piece binding. The modern ski bindings are based on the Fennoscandian model of the 19th century. The East Siberian type was a thin board with a vertical four-hole binding. Sometimes it was covered with fur. The Lapps used a horizontal stem-hole binding. Present-day cross country skis were developed from the type used by the Lapps.

 Content: en.wikipedia.org

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New Version of Satellite by Orbital ATK

24 Mar 18

Orbital ATK has announced that it is producing a new version of a satellite life extension vehicle. The motive behind it is to provide more flexibility to customers. Also, make the company better in-space servicing.

At the Satellite 2018 conference, the executives also made a declaration regarding the development of Mission Robotic Vehicle and Mission Extension Pods. These shall be proficient to handle stationkeeping for geostationary satellites that are running out of fuel. The new systems are based on the Mission Extension Vehicle (MEV). As per the new approach the Mission Robotic Vehicle shall approach a customer’s satellite and use a robotic arm to attach a pod to that satellite. The Mission Robotic Vehicle and Mission Extension Pods will offer solutions to customers that don’t require the full-fledged capabilities of the MEV. The new system shall be ready for service by 2021. This is apt time when Orbital ATK has announced this new version of satellite. Presently, Effective Space Solutions is developing its Space Drone spacecraft; Space Systems Loral (SSL) is working on the Robotic Servicing of Geosynchronous Satellites program and Defense Advanced Research Projects Agency, is developing a vehicle capable of refueling and repairing GEO spacecraft. Orbital ATK has sold two MEVs to Intelsat, one of which shall launch this year itself.

By: Anuja Arora

Source: http://spacenews.com/orbital-atk-unveils-new-version-of-satellite-servicing-vehicle/

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Team India Roster for Second Window of the FIBA World Cup Qualifiers Announced

24 Mar 18

The FIBA Basketball World Cup, also known as the FIBA World Cup of Basketball is an international basketball competition contested by the men's national teams of the members of the International Basketball Federation (FIBA), the sport's global governing body. The preparations for the FIBA World Cup Asian Qualifiers window-2 are presently going on.

The details of FIBA events for the upcoming matches are as follows: In the first round of Asian Qualifiers, India has drawn in Group C with Syria, Lebanon, and Jordan. India lost the first two qualifying games against Lebanon by 72-107. On November 26, 2017, India lost a match against Syria by 57-74. Further India met Jordan on Feb 23, 2018, and faces Lebanon on February 26, 2018. Each of these matches were played at the Sri Kanteerava Indoor Stadium in Bengaluru. The first round fixtures shall come to an end when India shall play against Syria on June 28, 2018 and meet Jordan on July 1, 2018. So far India has lost both the matches. Lebanon and Syria have both lost and won one match each. Keeping in mind the excitement and craze in the audiences for the game of basketball, the authorities have decided to allow free entry to the matches. In order to reach the second round, India will have to finish at top three of their group. The second round is expected to be held between February- September 2018. Post two days long selection procedure, the final roster of 12 players for the World Cup qualifiers has been announced. The team shall include the following players- Ravi Bhardwaj; Arvind Arumugam; Satnam Singh; Arshpreet Singh Bhullar; A Aravind; P Akilan; J Justin; P Jeevanantham; Yadwinder Singh; Joginder Singh; Amritpal Singh; Amjyot Singh.

By: Anuja Arora

Source: http://basketballfederationindia.org/index.php/news/latest-news/450-team-india-roster-announced-for-the-second-window-of-the-fiba-world-cup-qualifiers-at-home-in-sree-kanteerava-stadium-bengaluru


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Nur Jahan - The Light of the World

23 Mar 18

Nur Jahan, born as Mehr-un-Nissa, a strong, charismatic and a well-educated woman was one of the most powerful, influential and privileged woman in Mughal history. She was born to  Mirza Ghias Beg and Asmat Begum in Kandahar. Beg's family lost almost everything in a misfortune in their homeland and with the hope of rebuilding the lost possession, the family was moving to India. However, on the way, the caravan was attacked and they were deprived of the meager possession also that they had. A belief also holds that the misfortune led the family to abandon baby Nur Jahan. But then destiny had other plans. She was picked up by another man in the caravan and he was moved by her innocence and beauty and somehow believed that she might change the fortune of the deprived family. Beg soon found a position in Akbar's court and he served as the diwan (treasurer). Nur received superior education and got married at the age of 17 with Sher Afghan, governor of Bihar, who died in two years leaving Nur with a step daughter.

Nur's life again surrounded with misfortune leading her to serve Empress Ruqaiya Sultan Begum, Jahangir’s stepmother as ladies-in-waiting. They served here for four years until Jahangir fell for Nur and married. She received the name Nur Jahan meaning 'Light of the World' from Jahangir and had great influence over him as he was alchohol and opium addicted.

Eventually, Nur Jahan emerged as the most powerful woman and effectively wielded the imperial power. She was also known as the 'tiger slayer' as she killed four tigers in one single hunt.

Nur Jahan tactfully overturned many rebellions in her lifetime and was the real power behind the throne that led Jahangir to rule for more than 15 years. She was the only woman to be granted with certain honours and privileges and had the privilege of coinage strucked in her name in the coinage. However, the empress had a tragic end and passed her last days that though in her last days in confinement.  



By: Subrata Dey

Content: https://www.historyofroyalwomen.com/nur-jahan/empress-mughal-india-nur-jahan/

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The Indomitable Lionel Andrés Messi Cuccittini

23 Mar 18

Born on 24 June 1987, Lionel Andrés Messi Cuccittini was the third of the four children born to Jorge Messi, a steel factory manager by profession, and his wife Celia Cuccittini working in a magnet manufacturing workshop. Messi, an Argentinian soccer player who plays forward for the FC Barcelona club and the Argentine national team was diagnosed with a growth hormone deficiency as a child. One glance at him was sure enough to make out that this child cannot play but he was a different child, born with a phenomenon to be impressive. He developed the passion for the sport and played with his brothers from a very tender age. At the age of four, Messi joined the local club Grandoli, where he was coached by his father and later on by his maternal grandmother who accompanied him to matches and training centers and Messi was quite affected by her death as well. He has a record-tying five Ballon d'Or awards that were won by him consecutively, along with a record-tying four European Golden Shoes.

Messi's entire professional career was spent with Barcelona, and he won 30 trophies, that included eight La Liga titles, four UEFA Champions League titles, and five Copas del Rey.

Messi made his debut at the age of 17 in 2004 and established himself as a successful player within the next three years and finally at 22, he won the Ballon d'Or and FIFA World Player of the Year award by record voting margins. Being an Argentine international, he has always remained an all-time lead goalscorer of his team.

Messi is a left-footed dribbler and often being compared with Diego Maradona, who had already declared this young talent as his successor. Though he had announced his international retirement in 2016, he reverted his decision and led his country to qualify for the 2018 World Cup.


By: Subrata Dey

Content: Wikipedia


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Love for Physics, Mathematics and Stephen Hawking

22 Mar 18

Where did the Universe come from? A question that intrigued Stephen W.Hawking, the Cambridge university Physicist, author of bestselling book,” A Brief History of Time”, which sold more than 10 million copies . A leader of his generation in exploring gravity and studying the properties of “Black holes’.

What is a black hole? Black hole is a place in space, the gravitational pull of the black holes are so strong that even light cannot get out. Light travels along geodesics and hence paths of lights are actually curved due to gravitational forces. Hawking discovered that the black holes weren’t black after all and that these black holes would eventually fizzle, radiation leak out of them and them and then at a certain point explodes and disappears over an indefinite very long period of time.

Stephen Hawking visited India in January 2001. He described his 16 day’s tour as magnificent. He was the first to receive the “Sarojini Damodaran Fellowship.

For his transportation during his stay Mahindra and Mahindra had designed special vehicle that accommodate his wheelchair. He was invited to the Rashtrapati Bhawan where he met the then President K.R. Narayanan, who expressed his 45 minute meeting with the Physicist as “an unforgettable experience”

Stephen Hawking delivered several lectures and interacted with Indian Astrophysicist and mathematicians and expressed that he found Indians are very good at Math and physics. He also visited the Jantar Mantar and Kutub Minar while in Delhi.

Stephen Hawking passed away at the age of 76 on 14th March 2018.


By: Madhuchanda Saxena

Content: http://www.firstpost.com/tech/news-analysis/physicist-stephen-hawking-on-his-maiden-india-visit-had-lauded-indians-for-their-expertise-in-maths-and-physics-4389959.html

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