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The New Year Festival: Losar

23 Jul 17

Losar is a Tibetan word which translates to New Year in English language. Losar is known as a famous event that signifies happiness of farmers of the North East Indian state of Sikkim. The date of this gala festival mostly comes in the month of February (more precisely, the 29th day of the 12th month of Tibetan lunar calendar year), providing all the farmers the much-needed break to rejoice the fruits of their patience and hard work.

Additionally, celebrations for the same begin more than a week before, gripping the entire state in the mood of festivities and merry-making.

It is true that while Losar is a much-awaited festival for the locals, it is also looked forward to with the same exuberance by many cultural enthusiasts and photographers worldwide.  Every year the photographers eagerly wait to get a closer rendezvous with the lively culture and traditions of this little gemstone of North East India.

As per the history, Losar festival was started before the arrival of Buddhism in Tibet and its neighboring regions such as parts of India, Bhutan and Nepal. According to the believers, this festival used to celebrate as a winter ceremony which involved offering of huge quantities of anger to soothe local deities and drive away negative spirits.

By: Ms. Priyanka Negi

Content: Wikipedia

 


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The Growing Pattern of Basketball

23 Sep 17

Basketball is a home-grown American sport that was invented by Dr. James Naismith in 1891. It was invented to create a new game that could be played indoors to keep students involved and out of trouble during harsh winter season. It is played by more than 250 million people. Since its invention it has gone through innumerable variations.

The main variations in Basketball include: Water basketball, Wheelchair basketball, Slam ball, Beach basketball, and Street ball and Unicycle basketball. These are principle basketball sports having the variations on use of traditional basketball. An older version of basketball was Six-on-Six basketball played until late 1950s. It was played with six players each instead of five- three forwards and three as guards.

Netball is a ball sport and a limited-contact team sport in which two teams of seven players trying to score points just like in basketball. Netball was previously played by women but now includes men's teams as well. Water basketball is a sport with the rules of basketball and played in a swimming pool. Wheelchair basketball is played by people who are physically challenged and are on wheelchairs. Horse ball is a game played on the back of the horse where points are scored by shooting it through a basket (hoop). Other variations of Basketball are: Slam Ball; Street basketball; and Half-court. Despite of its variations the rules of Basketball are almost same.

Anita Aishvarya

Content: Wikipedia


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Revealing the Puzzle of Diverse Galaxy Rotations

23 Sep 17

A galaxy is a system of stars, interstellar gas, dust, and dark matter that rotates in a curve like pattern called a velocity curve. Physists have tried to explain a process called “dark matter self-interaction” by explaining that a graph of rotation speeds at different distances from the center can be easily explained if dark matter particles are assumed to strongly collide with one another in the inner halo that is the place close to the galaxy's center.

Two different galaxies that appear at first instance to be very similar and very much identical can have inner regions rotating at very different speed. It is further explained that every galaxy sits within a dark matter halo that forms the gravitational platform holding them altogether. This gravitational force allows them to rotate in an identical pattern without losing any of the particles, the distribution of dark matter in that halo depends on the motion of stars and gas particles in the galaxy.

In the Cold Dark Matter theory (CDM), dark matter particles are presumed to be collision-less, aside from gravitational force. The dark matter collisions take place in the deep inner halo, where the luminous galaxy is established. When the particles collide, they exchange energy and become thermal neutrons. Present observation paved the way for future observational, experimental, numerical, and theoretical work.

Anita Aishvarya

Content: www.sciencedaily.com


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The Road Has Got its Street Hockey

22 Sep 17

Street Hockey is also known as dek hockey, ball hockey and road hockey. The sport is a variation of ice hockey. The sport is played outdoors on foot or can be played using inline or roller skates. The ball and puck of street hockey are designed according to the non-ice surfaces. It is played by shooting the ball or puck into the opposing team’s net.

Street hockey is always played on an outdoor surface in its pure form. It is very often played on a street, parking lot, tennis court or the asphalt surface. It was believed that street hockey started when the roads were paved in the wealthy parts of North America. It was around 20th century. Street Hockey was then spread south to the United States. Children, teenagers and even all ice hockey players work on their skills by playing street hockey. They practice it often alone in driveways or out in the street in front of their houses.

By: Bhavna Sharma

Content: en.wikipedia.org


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Mary Fields Who Protected Wild West Stagecoaches

22 Sep 17

The Stagecoach Mary was the daring black pioneer who protected Wild West Stagecoaches. She was the first African-American woman mail carrier. The story of her life becomes clearer after the end of Civil War, when she was released from slavery.

Fields headed north to friendlier territory just like her former slaves did. She seems to have gone up the Mississippi River while working on riverboats and also worked as servants and laundress for families all along her way. It is not clear that how Mary found Ursuline Convent of the Sacred Heart in Toledo, Ohio. Dee Garceau-Hagen who a historian is told that one nun in the Convent remembered Mary’s anger when anyone disturbed her beautifully kept grounds.

In the year 1895, she received a contact from the postal service to become a star route carrier. She carried mail using stagecoach donated by Mother Amadeus. Her responsibility was to protect the mail on her way from thieves and bandits and to deliver mail. She performed this role for eight years.

By: Bhavna Sharma

Content: www.history.com


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William McGregor to be Honoured again as his Grave is Redirected

21 Sep 17

William McGregor was a Scottish association football administrator in the Victorian era. He is regarded as the founder of the Football League that is the first organised association football league in the world. He was born in Braco, Perthshire, in 1846 and became the chairman of the Birmingham-based club in 1886 after that only he founded the Football League was formed on April 17, 1888.  The legendry Mr. McGregor was the promoter of the first football league in the world. As he was a great individual, The Aston Villa Supporters Trust has raised a good amount of money to clean up the grave of Mr. McGregor. Therefore the grave of the founder of the Football League has been rededicated. It was he who gave a league and a proper structure team format. The poor condition of the grave was brought into attention by Peter Lupson, a football author and a historian. Earlier in 2009 a statue of Mr McGregor was erected outside Villa Park. It is also proposed to engrave the sentence “Founder of the football league and chairman of Aston Villa FC” on his grave as he is valued as the father of all football leagues. It's a very important recognition, not just for Villa but for football in general across the world. This great person Mr. William, who died in 1911 at the age of 65, is going to be honoured in a grand ceremony and to be remembered forever for his great contribution.

Content Source: www.bbc.com

By: Anita Aishvarya


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