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Replication of Nascent Planetary Systems: A Matter of Observation

24 Jul 17

Astronomers are having huge debates since a long time over a mystery on simulating nascent planetary systems. ‘Synthetic Observations’ could help in explaining it and solving this mystery. New technologies with detection capacity and planet hunting missions like NASA’s Kepler space telescope discovered various planets orbiting other stars.

The findings of new technologies has vexed astronomers but the new model giving rise to young planetary systems offered fresh solution to this mystery. The majority of these exoplanets lie in the category called super – Earths bodies. They had a mass between Earth and Neptune. The features under observation of many planetary systems in their early stage of formation unmatched the type of exoplanets of the planetary population of our galaxy.

Ruobing Dong, the Bart J. Bok postdoctoral fellow at the University of Arizona’s Steward Observatory and lead author on the study which will be published in Astrophysical Journal said that they have possible answer on how a super – Earth can carve out multiple gaps in disks.

By: Bhavna Sharma

Content: www.sciencedaily.com

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European Space Agency spots a ‘space cat’ in Orion Constellation

21 Apr 18

European Space Agency has found a shape which looks much more like a being belonging to Earth than any of the constellations identified throughout history.It also resembles itself to ‘a fox, running with its mouth open and looking ahead, its vigilant eyes pointing to the right’.

It was spotted by the GAIA satellite, which launched in 2013 and is on a mission to build a 3D map of the Milky Way, our own galaxy. European Space Agency defined it as a black kitten with a white nose, paws in the front stretching towards the right of the frame and tail up towards the left.

This belongs to a dark nebula, a dense cloud of gas and dust in the constellation of Orion, the Hunter, with the cat’s nose (or fox’s eye) corresponding to the Orion Nebula Cluster, a star cluster near the famous Orion Nebula, M42,’ ESA wrote.


By: Swati Kaushal

Content: http://metro.co.uk/2018/04/04/european-space-agency-spots-bizarre-space-cat-constellation-orion-7440931/

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Punjab to have English Medium Schools

21 Apr 18

Punjab’s school education secretary has issued an order in schools to decide by their own whether they’re able to implement English as their primary language. The order states, 1886 middle, high and senior secondary schools are going for English as their medium of instruction from this session onward. The rule is not mandatory for students who are willing to continue in Punjabi.

The orders further read that the English-medium books are under printing and will reach the schools soon. Teachers have been instructed to “widely publicise’ the English-medium government schools and increase enrollment. Teachers will also undergo a training to teach in English medium.


By: Swati Kaushal

Content: https://www.indiatoday.in/education-today/news/story/punjab-government-schools-to-opt-english-as-their-medium-asked-to-decide-when-to-start-1206071-2018-04-06

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Diu Becomes First UT To Run 100% On Solar Power

20 Apr 18

The harnessing of solar energy has made Diu the country’s first energy surplus Union Territory and a model for an effective way for people to harness this renewable energy source. In just three years, Diu has made rapid progress in solar power generation. The Union territory has an area of just 42 square kilometres. Despite scarcity of land, solar power plants have been installed over more than 50 acres.

Diu generates a total of 13 megawatts of electricity from solar power generating facilities daily. Around 3 MW is generated by rooftop solar plants and 10 MW by its other solar power plants. Diu’s peak-time demand for electricity goes up to 7 MW and we generate about 10.5 MW of electricity from solar energy daily. This is way more than the consumption demand requirement,” Daman and Diu Electricity Department executive engineer Milind Ingle told a national daily.The solar power has also reduced the monthly electricity bills. Previously, the 0-50 units charge was Re 1.20 per unit and 50-100 units was Re 1.50 per unit, now the charges for1-100 units is Re 1.01 per unit. In places like Delhi, Chandigarh and other parts of Punjab, Rajasthan, Haryana power tariff charges are not less than Rs 4 per unit.


By: Swati Kaushal

Content: https://economictimes.indiatimes.com/industry/energy/power/indias-first-solar-powered-island-diu-is-setting-an-example-of-the-rest-of-the-country/articleshow/63660012.cms

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The Black River Of Hazendal

19 Apr 18

 Think about Cape Town it floods ones vision with the beauty of the Table Mountain, the Penguin strutting white beaches and the rolling wine lands of Hazendal on the outskirts of the city. The mountains of Cape Peninsula are made of hard stone that are found nowhere else on earth and the weather blown jagged cliffs seem to glide into the sapphire blue waters of the Atlantic in the west of the city whilst warm jade colored waters lap the sides of the eastern shore. It has been listed as one of the 20 most beautiful cities of the world.

Just at the outskirts of Cape Town lies Hazendal, at a distance of 8 kilometers. The Black River a tributary of the Salt River rises in Arderne Gardens and flows underground initially beneath the Main Road and the Railway Line, before it is canalized through Claremont and Rondebosch, then uncanalized thought Mowbray, Observatory and Mailtland. Hazendal is famous for is picturesque wine producing valley. A much sought after tourist destination in South Africa. However, on the flipside recently about 33,000gallons of combined waste water out of which around 1,480 gallons were sewage that was released into the Black river from Port Huron Waste Treatment Plant. Residents have raised an alarm as this stinking polluted water runs between their houses causing unbearable stench. This also has given rise to an influx of flies and cockroaches and now has become a health hazard. The residents of the area are demanding the City of Cape Town to take preventive measures and not pump effluent into the river.


By: Madhuchanda Saxena

Content: http://ewn.co.za/2018/04/09/hazendal-residents-raise-stink-over-black-river-pollution

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Charity Report Says 4 In 10 Cases of Prostate Cancer Are Diagnosed Late

18 Apr 18

A new report by charity Orchid states that 37% of the prostate cancer patients gets a late of prostate cancer and start the treatment after they have reached stages three and four. In the month of February, more men died from the prostate cancer than women from breast cancer. The charity urges for strict and urgent action to be taken so as to prevent the prostate cancer. Prostate cancer is due to be the most prevalent cancer within the UK in next 12 years. The data was a result of the collection from organisations such as NHS England, charities and the National Prostate Cancer Audit.

Symptoms of Prostate Cancer

  • Difficulty urinating or burning or pain during urination
  • Persistent need to urinate at night
  • Loss of bladder control and needing to run to the toilet
  • Blood in urine
  • Feeling that bladder is not empty even after going to the washroom
  • Less flow of urine

Most of the symptoms are linked to urination and some men can live with prostate cancer for years without any symptoms as the diseases progresses very slowly among patients. During early stages, there are less symptoms. The cancer is diagnosed by prostate specific antigen test, physical examination and biopsies.

Government has already taken steps and made the testing free for men aged above 50 and launched a 75 million pounds of funding for next 5 years of research.


By: Neha Maheshwari

Content: http://www.bbc.com/news/health-43669439

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