FG News

Unique Molecular Signature Gifted in Premature Births

26 Aug 17

It is found that the pre mature births develop such kind of brain that tries cellular approach to face interrupted development. The cerebellum of an infant gets a distinct molecular structure. One in 10 US babies are affected by premature birth and it is linked to altered metabolite profiles in child’s cerebellum. Cerebellum is that part of brain which controls coordination and balance.

The study was reported by a team of clinical researchers led by Children’s National Health System and can be found in Scientific Reports dated Aug. 15, 2017. It was discovered that pre mature birth babies hold lower levels of a chemical marker of nerve cell integrity. They also have higher concentrations of a chemical marker of cellular membrane turnover. The data suggested that a compensatory mechanism might get triggered when the developing fetal brain’s usual growth is interrupted during gestation. It can occur through early birth, infection or experiencing brain damage.

By: Bhavna Sharma

Content: www.sciencedaily.com

 


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India’s Critical Position in the Export Sectors

12 Dec 17

The 5-year foreign trade policy (FTP) (2015-20) was issued to provide a framework for generating employment and increasing value addition. It also aimed at increasing the exports of goods and services to $900 billion by 2020. The mid- term review of this policy by the government has provided a relief to the Indian exporters. During the review, the government declared liberal incentives of Rs. 8,450 crore ($1.3 billion).

It has been observed that the exports have declined from $468 billion to $437 billion between 2014-15 and 2016-17. The external trade performance of India has been critical. As a result, the current account deficit in the first quarter of the current fiscal year has reached a four year high of 2.6%. The most disturbing aspect is that this trend is still continuing. An important role in this is played by the unpredictability concerning the execution of the Good and Services Tax (GST). There are very less chances of any improvement in the situation because processing of refunds to exporters under GST has influenced trading activities. Therefore, the so called incentives provided in the mid term review should contribute in increasing of exports to an extent. There is a need for the Indian policy makers to understand that the trade challenges for India are structural. These cannot be repaired by quick solutions. The Government needs to deeply investigate the structural fragility of the trade policy before India loses its comparative advantage to world markets.

By: Anuja Arora

Content: www.livemint.com

 

 


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A New Revelation of Clay Minerals Found on Mars

11 Dec 17

It has been assumed that large amount of clay minerals on Mars could have been formed later interactions with water on the surface. But this assumption has been nullified by a new research that reveals that it could have been formed after the planet's crust cooled down and took a solid form. Discussing of the possibilities it has been said that in the very early solar system, Mars and other rocky planets are assumed to have been covered by oceans of molten magma.

At the time when the magma ocean began to cool and solidify, water and other dissolved liquids would be evaporated to the surface. It led to the formation of a thick, steamy atmosphere around the planet. It took billions of years to the evolution of the planet. Volcanic activities and asteroid attacks would have covered the clays in some places and burrowed them in others. This process led to the patchy distribution of the clay in a large area that is seen on the planet. It has been said that those clay deposits doesn't require a warm and wet climate on early Red Planet. Scientists also said that the steam atmosphere that is related with the ocean of magma could have survived for as long as 10 million years or more.  There has been a possibility that a lot of water might have locked up in those clays that if heated up by any process, would release that water. It might provide a temporary water supply.

By: Anita Aishvarya

Content: www.sciencedaily.com


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The Unmatchable Chef: Sanjeev Kapoor

10 Dec 17

The great Indian chef Sanjeev Kapoor is a celebrity chef, entrepreneur writer and television personality. His show Khana Khazana achieved a lot of fame and it is the longest running show of its kind in Asia.

The show had its broadcasting in 120 countries and in 2010 had more than 500 million viewers. He launched his own channel “Food Food” in January, 2011. Discovery Communications gained majority stake in this channel through its Indian organization. He also participated in Jhalak Dikhla Jaa. Sanjeev Kapoor spent most of his childhood in New Delhi. He entered the hospitality industry in the year 1984 and pursued Diploma in Hotel Management from the Institute of Hotel Management (IHM) Pusa and Catering Technology and Applied Nutrition, New Delhi.

Sanjeev Kapoor is also the recipient of the Best Executive Chef of India Award by H & FS and the Mercury Gold Award at Geneva, Switzerland by Indian Federation of Culinary Associations. Sweekar Advanced, a sunflower oil brand in India made Sanjeev Kapoor their brand ambassador.

By: Bhavna Sharma

Content: Wikipedia


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How Education Should be Student Centric

09 Dec 17

Education minister on Thursday said that-Education should be student centric, not teacher centric.

He believes that school libraries should be equipped with books and study material not just accessible to students but also for teachers so that they do not face any problems in clearing doubts of a child. He has a strong belief that the government should work against putting an end to the marginalization of in education. Other than this, he has also proposed setting up talent labs to nurture the talent of each and every child. He says that educating them about the academic syllabus is not enough; instead it is also important that he inculcates other habits too like reading and writing.

Actor/Filmmaker Joy Mathew says that a child should not be categorized as abled or disabled on the basis of their exam performance. Education should be about nurturing talent and not marks or grades.

By- Srishti Anand

Content: www.thehindu.com

 


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How Galaxies are Formed

08 Dec 17

Seeing two galaxy merging together has again brought up the question of how exactly the galaxies are formed. In the very initial phase, the galaxies were just tiny dwarfs that clumped together to form larger galaxies which are there today. This is also known as hierarchical formation, which means that galaxy formation is a step-by-step process in which smaller galaxies are pulled together due the gravitational force between them.

Recent discovery has shown that led to rethinking of this theory as it suggests that the dwarf galaxies merge into larger ones a lot faster than it was originally being thought. This has led to the confusion of the formation of galaxies arising again and leaving the researchers confused and making them look back to 13 billion years ago, when all this actually started.

Written By- Srishti Anand


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