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Gene Therapy Can Fight Several Allergies

30 Aug 17

A team of scientists at the UQ Diamantina Institute has successfully 'turn-off' the immune response which causes an allergic reaction in animals. The study was led by Associate Professor Ray Steptoe. The scientists stated that when people have an allergy and asthma erupt, the symptoms they experience results from immune cells reacting to the protein in the allergen.

The scientists found that immune cell is a challenge in asthma and allergies. These immune cells are known as T-cells that build a form of immune ‘memory’ and become very challenging to treatments. The scientists are now been able to clean the memory of these T-cells in animals with the help of gene therapy. This therapy de-sensitizes the immune system to tolerate the protein.

As per the scientists, their work used an experimental asthma allergen. However, the recent research is helpful to fight several allergies to peanuts, bee venom, shell fish and other substances. The scientists stated that they used blood stem cells and insert a gene which regulates the allergen protein and then they put that into the receiver. The manufacturing cell builds new blood cells that express the protein and aim specific immune cells, 'turning off' the allergic response.

 By: Priyanka Negi

Content: www.sciencedaily.com

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High Levels of Anabolic Steroid can Lead to Stock Market Instability

17 Oct 17

United States has been found with majority of professional stock market traders who are young males. The new evidence suggested that the biology constituting a person strongly influences their trading behavior. The new study highlighted the consequences of it and told that it can lead to fluctuations in the market.

High anabolic steroid levels can cause traders to overestimate future stock values. It can really lead to dangerous question marks on prices and subsequent crashes. The study was conducted by Amos Nadler of the Ivey Business School at Western University, Peiran Jiao of the University of Oxford, Paul Zak and Veronika Alexander of the Center for Neuroeconomics Studies at Claremont Graduate University and Cameron Johnson at the Behavioral Health Institute at Loma Linda. The study was titled “The Bull of Wall Street: Experimental Analysis of Testosterone and Asset Trading.” Larger prices bubbles were formed amongst the group receiving high anabolic steroid.

By: Bhavna Sharma


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Scientists Discovered Planets from Different Perspective

16 Oct 17

As per the old belief all the planets in our solar system look similar beneath the surface. However, scientists have revealed different facts related to the earlier belief. A per the scientists, “the mantle of the Earth is made mostly of a mineral called olivine additionally, the assumption is usually there that states all planets are like the Earth," said Jay Melosh, Distinguished Professor of Earth.

The recent study by scientists shows that “when we look at the spectral signature of rocks exposed deep below the moon's surface, we don't see olivine”.

The scientists added, 4 billion years ago, an asteroid collided with the moon and created the largest and deepest impact on the moon. This collision called the South Pole-Aitken basin. The collision exposed lunar mantle in the basin and splashed up material onto the far side of the moon.

For the study, the research team created a three-dimensional simulation of the asteroid's collision with the moon to make sure they were looking for the splashed material in the right place.

Source: www.sciencedaily.com

By: Priyanka Negi

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Diwali: A Festival of Light

15 Oct 17

Diwali that is also called as Deepavali, is the festival of lights that is celebrated every year in autumn in the northern India. It is one of the most popular festivals of Hindus. Its spiritual significance is that it is the victory of light over darkness, good over evil, knowledge over ignorance. It is said that when Lord Rama has returned from exile, after killing Ravana, then his subjects celebrated Diwali.

In this festival there is no darkness anywhere. It is a tradition to lighten Diya at every nook and corner of house. It is celebrated in the month of Kartik. People clean their homes to worship and welcome Goddess Laxmi. Sweets are made and crackers are burnt. With time this festival has also modified and artificial lights have taken the place of diya and candles. There is a scientific reason of lighting diya that all insects and flies that emerge during rainy season, die due to the flame of diyas. But now we have to tolerate them for a longer period as we avoid diyas.

The most adverse effect of today’s Diwali is that crackers pollute the air very badly. In many parts of the states burning crackers is banned. There are so many cases of skin irritation and burn due to these crackers. Diwali is a wonderful festival. We should maintain its beauty and celebrate it with all tradition and safety.

Content: Wikipedia

By: Anita Aishvarya

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Parallel Cinema that Produced Best Films Ever

14 Oct 17

A film movement in Indian cinema that started in the state of West Bengal in the 1950s proving to be an alternative to the mainstream commercial Indian cinema (Bollywood) got recognized as Parallel Cinema. Parallel Cinema was highly inspired by the Italian Neorealism.

It was started just before the French New Wave and Japanese New Wave. It was the forerunner to the Indian New Wave of the 1960s. The movement of Parallel Cinema was initially led by the Bengali Cinema. Parallel Cinema gave birth to internationally acclaimed filmmakers such as Satyajit Ray, Mrinal Sen, Ritwik Ghatak, Tapan Sinha and others. Later, this cinema got recognized in other film industries of India and Bangladesh. The cinema was appreciated for its serious content, realism and naturalism, symbolic elements with an observant eye over sociopolitical climate of the times and finally for the disagreement with the dance and song routine insertions that are closely associated with mainstream Indian films.

The various beautiful films produced by Parallel Cinema were Neecha Nagar, Pather Panchali, Aparajito, The World of Apu, Do Bigha Zamin, Piya Ka Ghar, Rajnigandha, Nagarik, etc.

By: Bhavna Sharma

Content: en.wikipedia.org

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Access of Social Interaction minimizes the Response Quality

13 Oct 17

It is obvious for all the living creatures to have interactions with different group of the society of their kind. They do so because they are dependent to one another for various needs. Either we talk about schools of fish, swarms of insects, to flocks of birds or any other animal, they love to live and move in groups. They feel safe in groups. They perform various activities in groups and that reflect a great sense of coordination of collective motion. But a new research has been done by Singapore University of Technology and Design (SUTD) that revealed that the simulations show that when members limit the amount of individuals they interact with during their collective motion, the group has a higher chance of survival. Therefore, the information gathered from the behaviour of swarming animals can be applied on many problems in engineering and social sciences. It can be used in increasing the flexibility of the power grid and developing responsive groups, improving crowd mobility and spread information on social networks. It is being said that excess of social interaction create hurdle in the signals that are spread by animals in case of any danger. At the same time the signals cannot be responded in a single line means, it gets distracted. Therefore for being safe and live in a comparatively positive environment it is essential to avoid Excessive social interaction.

By: Anita Aishvarya

Content: www.sciencedaily.com


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