FG News

Gene Therapy Can Fight Several Allergies

30 Aug 17

A team of scientists at the UQ Diamantina Institute has successfully 'turn-off' the immune response which causes an allergic reaction in animals. The study was led by Associate Professor Ray Steptoe. The scientists stated that when people have an allergy and asthma erupt, the symptoms they experience results from immune cells reacting to the protein in the allergen.

The scientists found that immune cell is a challenge in asthma and allergies. These immune cells are known as T-cells that build a form of immune ‘memory’ and become very challenging to treatments. The scientists are now been able to clean the memory of these T-cells in animals with the help of gene therapy. This therapy de-sensitizes the immune system to tolerate the protein.

As per the scientists, their work used an experimental asthma allergen. However, the recent research is helpful to fight several allergies to peanuts, bee venom, shell fish and other substances. The scientists stated that they used blood stem cells and insert a gene which regulates the allergen protein and then they put that into the receiver. The manufacturing cell builds new blood cells that express the protein and aim specific immune cells, 'turning off' the allergic response.

 By: Priyanka Negi

Content: www.sciencedaily.com


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RBI Clarifies Suspicion Surrounding the Validity of Rs. 10 Coins

23 Jan 18

The Indian 10-rupee coin is a denomination of the Indian rupee. It is the highest-denomination coin minted in India since 2005. The first 10 coin was minted in the year 2005.

It had a diameter of 27 mm. The coin featured "भारत" and "INDIA" on the top, lion capital with 'Satyameva Jayate' below at left, and the date of minting on the obverse. The second design was introduced in 2009. It featured two horizontal lines, the lettering "भारत" and "INDIA" on the top, the lion capital in the middle and year of printing on the obverse. The third design was brought up in 2011 which featured the lettering "भारत" on left and "INDIA" on right on the outer ring, and the year of mint and mint mark below. The lion capital was situated at the centre with the lettering "सत्यमेव जयते" below it. Currently, 10 coin in circulation is from the 2011 design of the coin. In July 2016, as a result of some rumors on social media, traders and shopkeepers stopped accepting the 10 coin entirely. They stated that these coins are fake and lack the '' symbol. In order to clarify the suspicion, the Reserve Bank of India (RBI) on January 17, 2018, declared that all the 14 designs of Rs. 10 coin are valid and legal tender for transactions. These coins have varying features which symbolize different themes of economic, social and cultural values. The RBI has also instructed banks to accept these coins in their daily transactions.         

By: Anuja Arora

Content: https://economictimes.indiatimes.com/news/economy/finance/all-14-types-of-rs-10-coin-legal-tender-says-rbi-check-details-of-all-14-types-here/articleshow/62540020.cms


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New 5- Planet Solar System.

22 Jan 18

In 2007, NASA launched a satellite named “Kepler” a space telescope to hunt planets and its first mission was to search for exoplanet in November 2012.  Kepler monitors the brightness of stars, and then scientists study the data and search for the winks for that light- the tell-tale sign of an orbiting planet.

But in 2013 scientists couldn’t able to direct the telescope instruments, which lead to end the mission. Then, engineers recover the telescope by designing a second mission dubbed K2 and then the information of 280,000 stars was gathered by it. So, Kepler had a lot of information and it was difficult for scientists to work on, although they needed to identify the stars, then they called citizen scientists to help Exoplanet Explorers, hosted on the Zooniverse platform. Citizen Scientists found the five-planet system in April, just after Exoplanet Explorers launched and immediately an astronomer confirmed about the system and of 4 planets and 5th as a possibility. The solar system’s planets are like sub Neptune planets, which have 1.3 and 3.3 times the radius of earth but not smaller than Neptune. This K2-138 system is interesting to scientists as each planet takes about 50% longer to orbit than the next closest planet to the star. The planets orbit is called a resonance chain.

By: Srishti Sharma

Content:https://www.smithsonianmag.com/smart-news/citizen-science-uncovers-unusual-resonant-five-planet-system-180967834/


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Jaggi Vasudev: Spiritual Master with a Difference

21 Jan 18

Jaggi Vasudev is an Indian Yogi, visionary and a humanitarian who has touched many lives worldwide. He is the founder of Isha Foundation, a non-profit organisation that is run entirely by volunteers. It is dedicated to teaching Yoga and promoting well-being of individuals since the past 3 decades.

His life and work has set examples on why Yoga is not a discipline from outdated past but rather contemporary science that is relevant to our life even now. He was born in 1957 in Mysore, Karnataka to an ophthalmologist with the Indian Railways so his family had to move often. He was exposed to Yoga at the age of 12 and couldn't part his ways with it after that. He had his first spiritual experience at Chamundi Hills when he was 25. Six weeks following this, he left his job gain insight for his mystical experience. This made him realise his calling to become a Yoga teacher. In 1992, he founded Isha foundation which offers Yoga program and social and development activities. Their program nurtures overall health and quality of life. The foundation is established not only in India but also in countries such as US, Canada, Lebanon, Malaysia, Singapore, Nepal, China, England, Uganda and Australia. Apart from his life lessons, he is also internationally renowned for his speaking engagements on various spheres of life such as business, human rights and environmental issues.

By: Neha Maheshwari

Content: https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Jaggi_Vasudev


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Want to Learn Guitar? Here is Some Tricks for You!

20 Jan 18

There are a lot of chords to play on a guitar but few are the most important ones let’s see how they can be used:

  1. Plan before playing- How many chords you can practice in a week that depends on your interest and ability to do it. So, for that you have to plan out it well how you want to learn.
  2. Take guidance- A guitar teacher will teach you the best way to learn about chord which you won’t be able to find in any book. If you want to progress from the basic chords, look for the chords dictionary, there you will find all kind of chords.
  3. How chords are written- Chord charts are the most important and useful way to learn chords of guitar. The visual representation of guitar neck gives information about how chord are written.
  4. Open Chords are easier- In this one or more than one string can be played openly. Don’t push all the notes because it gets easier to get a clear sound as it opposes to chords with no open strings.
  5. Decide what kind of music you want to play- As we know there are so many kinds of music and they are played in very different manner such as folk, pop and rock will be play with open chords whereas, jazz and progressive rock require needs extended chords.
  6. Practice correctly- Just putting finger at the right place does not mean that the sound will be good that comes with the practice only
  7. Theoretical knowledge is important- Knowing about how chords are made and about the material is used gives a lot of ideas while playing.

By: Srishti Sharma

Content: https://takelessons.com/blog/10-tips-to-learn-guitar-chords-z01

 


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Giving More Human Touch to Conversational Agents

19 Jan 18

Scientists always look for discovering new Conversational agents so that they make the communication easier. Conversational agents, such as Alexa from Amazon, have now become a common name that can chat with us. 

Modern Robots, too, can have conversational abilities like that of Pepper by Softbank and Jibo by Jibo Inc. Robotics researchers try to make communication easier and smoother between robots and humans. They try to give the robots a human touch by putting human behavior in them like eye gaze and head tilt behaviors. Scientists from Ewha Womans University in Seoul and the Korean Institute of Robot and Convergence did an experiment by putting three robots in a dusty environment. Participants found the coughing robot as more humanlike and lifelike, than two other robots that did not react in this way. In another test three robots were running out of battery. One of them informed about the battery, the second robot didn’t react. The third robot made a reflexive body noise. The participants rated the third robot as more humanlike and more lifelike than other two. This study reflected that people consider robots that express physical reactions in the given situations as behaving more naturally than verbal communication or their no-reaction activity. The reason behind considering that is action speaks louder than words. The natural reaction made by those robots suggests that they are affected by the situation as a human would be in the similar situation.

By: Anita Aishvarya

Content: https://www.psychologytoday.com/blog/health-happiness-and-robots/201801/how-can-we-make-conversational-agents-more-humanlike

 


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