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The Long and Short of Gilli Danda

11 Mar 18

Can you believe ‘Gilli Danda’ or ‘Tip cat’ was played in India from the 6th century BCE? It is found that some of the games that we see or play today have their antecedence in old Pali literature and have passed to us in gradual process of transformation and development over more than two millennia. It is amazing to note that this game then called ‘Ghatika' has got its significance with the spreading of Buddhist religion across Southeast Asia. This game was played in countries like India, Bangladesh, Nepal, Srilanka, Cambodia, Indonesia, Korea and Vietnam.

Though there are quite a few variations of the game but it all involves a stick of about 1½ ft and a shorter stick of about 6 inches tapered at both ends. When hit at one of the tapered end with the big stick, the little stick flips and it becomes easy to hit it to a distance.

The most common variation that is still played is one in which the short stick is hit at one end and when it flips, it is swung or hit to a distance. The number of points scored depends on the distance the Gilli has covered, which is usually measured with the bigger stick. Additionally, a player scores doubles when he is able to strike the shorter stick more than once in mid air. If the Gilli is caught mid air by the opposition the striker is considered out.

 By: Madhuchanda saxena

Content: https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Gillidanda


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The U.S Has A Long History Of Militarizing Mexican Border

20 Apr 18

President Donald Trump's promise to use the National Guard to secure the U.S.-Mexico border isn't a new concept and is something the U.S. has done in the past for varying reasons.

 

SLAVERY AND CHINESE EXCLUSION

After the U.S. seized Texas and American Southwest following the U.S-Mexico War, armed militias patrolled the border looking for runaway black slaves. The traditional Underground Railroad to the north was too far for slaves to travel so thousands attempted the journey south to freedom. Soon, a guerra sorda, or cold war, developed between the nations.

REVOLUTION AND REVOLT

Tensions remained high between white settlers, Mexican-Americans and Native Americans in the newly acquired territory following the U.S-Mexico War.

IMMIGRATION AND DRUGS

Congress created the U.S. Border Patrol in 1924 and the agency slowly grew in size as its mission changed. At first, the agents sought to keep out Asian immigrants and later worked to stall alcohol trafficking in the Prohibition era. Slowly, it evolved into stalling unwanted migration from Mexico.

By: Swati Kaushal

Content: https://www.history.com/news/mexico-border-wall-military-facts

 

 

 


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5 Greatest Players in the Indian Hockey History

20 Apr 18

Fans are allready thrilled by India’s rise in world hockey, and hockey world cup scheduled to be held in Bhubaneswar, India next year. India had a glorious past in sports of hockey. Indian men’s team being the only non-European team to be a part of International Hockey Federation. With 11 Olympic medals, 3 world cup medals, 14 Asian games medals and 2 Commonwealth medals. In the process, many great players came and went away. Here is the list of top hockey players from India.

  1. Dhyan Chand - Dhyan Chand Singh is one of the best hockey players of the world that India has ever produced. He has probably been the only Indian player ever in any sport whose skills were so high that it generated a number of myths about his abilities as a hockey player. He was awarded the Padma Bhushan in 1956 and has won 3 Olympic golds.
  2. Balbir Singh Sr. - Balbir Singh Dosanjh, popularly known as Balbir Singh Senior has been a former Indian Hockey player who has represented the nation in 3 Olympic Games and won gold every time he participated in Olympics. He also coached Indian Hockey team for some time. He was the first hockey player to be awarded the Padma Shri.  
  3. Roop Singh - Younger brother of Indian Dhyan Chand, Roop Singh was an equally talented player who let his elder brother take all the accolades. He was also the member of the winning team that won gold medals for India at 1932 and 1936 Olympic Games. After the final of the 1936 Summer Olympics, Germans were so impressed with him that they named a street after him. He was in the armed forces of the Maharaja of Scindia. 
  4. Leslie Claudius - Leslie Walter Claudius was an Indian Hockey Player. An Anglo-Indian by origin, he holds a Guinness World Record for being part of a Hockey team to win maximum number of medals at the Olympic Games(3 gold and 1 silver). He was conferred with Padma Shri in 1971.
  5. Udham Singh - Udham Singh Kular, famous as Udham Singh was an Indian Hockey player known to be one of the finest Hockey players India has ever produced. Udham has been the only Hockey player in the history of the game to have been able to grab 3 Gold Medals and 1 Silver Medal in Olympic events.

 

By: Swati Kaushal

Content: http://

Fans are allready thrilled by India’s rise in world hockey, and hockey world cup scheduled to be held in Bhubaneswar, India next year. India had a glorious past in sports of hockey. Indian men’s team being the only non-European team to be a part of International Hockey Federation. With 11 Olympic medals, 3 world cup medals, 14 Asian games medals and 2 Commonwealth medals. In the process, many great players came and went away. Here is the list of top hockey players from India.

  1. Dhyan Chand - Dhyan Chand Singh is one of the best hockey players of the world that India has ever produced. He has probably been the only Indian player ever in any sport whose skills were so high that it generated a number of myths about his abilities as a hockey player. He was awarded the Padma Bhushan in 1956 and has won 3 Olympic golds.
  2. Balbir Singh Sr. - Balbir Singh Dosanjh, popularly known as Balbir Singh Senior has been a former Indian Hockey player who has represented the nation in 3 Olympic Games and won gold every time he participated in Olympics. He also coached Indian Hockey team for some time. He was the first hockey player to be awarded the Padma Shri.  
  3. Roop Singh - Younger brother of Indian Dhyan Chand, Roop Singh was an equally talented player who let his elder brother take all the accolades. He was also the member of the winning team that won gold medals for India at 1932 and 1936 Olympic Games. After the final of the 1936 Summer Olympics, Germans were so impressed with him that they named a street after him. He was in the armed forces of the Maharaja of Scindia. 
  4. Leslie Claudius - Leslie Walter Claudius was an Indian Hockey Player. An Anglo-Indian by origin, he holds a Guinness World Record for being part of a Hockey team to win maximum number of medals at the Olympic Games(3 gold and 1 silver). He was conferred with Padma Shri in 1971.
  5. Udham Singh - Udham Singh Kular, famous as Udham Singh was an Indian Hockey player known to be one of the finest Hockey players India has ever produced. Udham has been the only Hockey player in the history of the game to have been able to grab 3 Gold Medals and 1 Silver Medal in Olympic events.

 

By: Swati Kaushal

Content: http://www.digitalsporty.com/top-hockey-players-india-produced/5/

 


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Bony Labyrinth; Clue To Ancient Human Dispersal

19 Apr 18

Our ears are in charge of collecting sounds around us, processing them and passing the sound signals to our brain. It does not end just there, the ears help you to walk straight too without losing your balance. Made of three different sections, the outer, the middle and the inner ear together process all the sounds that we hear.

It is a well established fact that the very first humans emerged in Africa. However, there is a constant research to find the point at which the human dispersal started and how the human moved to different parts of the Earth. This story of dispersal is constantly getting rewritten. During the last one year research shows that the early humans moved out multiple times however, the details are limited to the DNA that has been found of our ancient ancestors. A very recent study reveals that the one of the body part that was often overlooked now sheds light on the ancient human movement. That part is the “bony Labyrinth” of the inner ear. The maze like structure of the vestibule, semicircular canal and the cochlea that looks like a pretzel is known as the “bony labyrinth’. It has been found that this structure differs slightly from person to person but tends to look similar amongst people who share the same genetics. This morphological similarity could help us find how far the humans migrated from Africa; given the fact that initially all the bony labyrinths looked similar or were similar as they all had the same genes.

 

By: Madhuchanda Saxena

Content: https://www.sciencedaily.com/releases/2018/04/180403140345.htm

 


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Pierre-Emerick Emiliano François Aubameyang

19 Apr 18

Born in 18th of June 1989 in Laval, France Pierre-Emerick Aubameyang is a Gabonese professional football player who plays for the English club Arsenal as well the Gabonese National Team. He is also the Gabonese team captain. Interestingly his father Pierre Aubameyang too was an International Football player and the former captain of the Gabon.

Aubameyang’s senior career began in 2008 after he was promoted from the youth setup in Milan. Aubameyang worked hard on his performances and established himself as a goal scorer. He was the second top goal scorer with 19 goals and also won the Coupe de la Ligue 2013. This paved his move to Bundesliga Club, Borussia Dortmund for a whopping fee of 14 million Euros as is rumored. While in Germany under the keen eyes of Jurgen Klopp, Aubameyang moved from being a mid fielder to a complete forward. He established himself as one of the best forwards in the world scoring 141 goals in 213 games. He relocated to England and on the 31st of January 2018, he joined Arsenal club for a staggering club record deal worth 56 million pounds which also makes him the most expensive Gabonese player till date. He lived up to his name by his spectacular start in Club Arsenal career by scoring 3-2 win over Southampton. His form offers optimism. The six goals that he scored have come at the rate of one every 102 minutes, which certainly puts him amongst the very best in the Premier League this season.

 

By: Madhuchanda Saxena

Content: http://www.skysports.com/football/news/11670/11323121/pierre-emerick-aubameyang8217s-record-breaking-start-at-arsenal

 


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Study Proves The Importance Of Dog Speak For Bonding Between Pet And Owner

18 Apr 18

Scientists have proven that just like baby talk leads to a greater bonding between the baby and the parent, dog speak can also strengthen your bond with your canine friend. Scientists at the University of York proved that speech interaction can improve attention and help humans to socially bond with your pets. Previous studies on the subject have proved that talking in high pitch voice improved connection with puppies but didn't make much difference with dogs.

During the experiment, humans were made to talk to dogs both in dog speak and adult speech with no dog related content. The former talked to dogs with dog directed speech such as 'you are a good boy' and 'shall we go for a walk?' and the latter said phrases such as 'I went to cinema last night'. After the attention to the speech was measured, the dogs were allowed to decide which speaker they wanted to interact with physically. The researchers also experimented on whether or not it was the high pitched emotional voice that attracted them or it was the words themselves.

Not only did they found out that our canine pets preferred more dog related content in your speech, they also proved that high pitched emotional voice was almost irrelevant and it was the dog related words that mattered more. The research is definitely useful for pet owners, veterinary officials and rescue workers.

 

By: Neha Maheshwari

Content: https://www.sciencedaily.com/releases/2018/03/180306115803.htm




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