FG News

Brain’s Mood-Controlling Chemical Serotonin

03 Mar 17

The scientists from University of Utah School of Medicine said it is not uncommon for cells in the brain to preferentially activate one copy over the other.

For the study the researchers did an experiment on one region of the newborn mouse brain. The results showed that there are times when the children choose even the best prefer one parent over the other.

According to the scientists the finding breaks basic tenets of classic genetics and suggests new ways in which genetic mutations might cause brain disorders.

The study also revealed that about 85 percent of genes in the dorsal raphe nucleus differentially activate their maternal and paternal gene copies. These genes are known for secreting the mood-controlling chemical serotonin.  

The scientists found that after ten days the landscape shifts in the juvenile brain, with both copies being activated equally for all but 10 percent of genes. Additionally, more than an oddity of the brain, the disparity also takes place at other sites in the body, including liver and muscle. It also occurs in humans, said the researchers.

Content: https://www.sciencedaily.com/releases/2017/02/170223124227.htm

Image: https://www.pinterest.com/kbp2d/mood-emotions/


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Climate Migration Demands International Attention

14 Dec 17

Climate Change is a human rights issue. In 2016, extreme weather, climate conditions displaced approximately 45 people every minute. This issue is in immediate need of action. As a result, civil leaders from more than 100 countries across the world, have urged for an action on the displacement caused due to climate change at a summit in Suva, Fiji. They suggested the international community to defend the human rights of the victims of such displacement.

Climate change should be identified as a major cause for migration in the global compact due to be negotiated by countries in 2018, such as Oxfam Pacific, 350.org and Act Alliance. Certain instances of climate migration are (i) sea level rise in the pacific, making some island communities unviable; (ii) 2 kilometres inland movement of Vunidogoloa in Fiji, in 2014, leading to relocation of 30 villages. There are well framed international rules for giving asylum to victims of political persecution but no provision for people displaced by climate change. It has been seen that initiatives in this regard have been made by New Zealand, due to its longstanding relationship with a number of Pacific islands. It is planning to create world’s first humanitarian visas. These visas shall be employed towards people displaced due to climate changes. There is need for other countries also to enforce such actions. But in reality, only vulnerable countries are eager to discuss the subject during climate negotiations, others often focus on different priorities.

By: Anuja Arora


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The Connection Between Our Inner Voice and Self Conversation

13 Dec 17

Our brain does a number of different functions at the same time. According to a new study talking to ourselves may be fundamentally the same as speaking our thoughts out loudly. The latest results found by the researchers may help us understanding and getting the reason why people with mental illnesses hear voices to themselves.

Earlier it was thought that auditory-verbal hallucinations arise due to abnormalities in inner speech that is our silent internal conversation. Past research suggested that when we are ready to speak out loudly, our brain develops an exact copy of the instructions. After that, in no time these instructions are sent to lips, mouth and vocal cords and the process is known as an efference-copy. It is sent to the region of the brain that processes sound to forecast what sound it is about to listen. Then the region allows the brain to differentiate between the predictable sounds and the less predictable sounds. The way our brain perceives sounds can be changed by People's own thoughts. As its effect when people imagine sounds, those sounds seemed quieter comparatively to the real one. This research is going to be helpful in understanding how inner speech might be different in people with psychotic illnesses such as schizophrenia. It will help doctors to cure those patients well.

By: Anita Aishvarya

Content: www.sciencedaily.com


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India’s Critical Position in the Export Sectors

12 Dec 17

The 5-year foreign trade policy (FTP) (2015-20) was issued to provide a framework for generating employment and increasing value addition. It also aimed at increasing the exports of goods and services to $900 billion by 2020. The mid- term review of this policy by the government has provided a relief to the Indian exporters. During the review, the government declared liberal incentives of Rs. 8,450 crore ($1.3 billion).

It has been observed that the exports have declined from $468 billion to $437 billion between 2014-15 and 2016-17. The external trade performance of India has been critical. As a result, the current account deficit in the first quarter of the current fiscal year has reached a four year high of 2.6%. The most disturbing aspect is that this trend is still continuing. An important role in this is played by the unpredictability concerning the execution of the Good and Services Tax (GST). There are very less chances of any improvement in the situation because processing of refunds to exporters under GST has influenced trading activities. Therefore, the so called incentives provided in the mid term review should contribute in increasing of exports to an extent. There is a need for the Indian policy makers to understand that the trade challenges for India are structural. These cannot be repaired by quick solutions. The Government needs to deeply investigate the structural fragility of the trade policy before India loses its comparative advantage to world markets.

By: Anuja Arora

Content: www.livemint.com

 

 


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A New Revelation of Clay Minerals Found on Mars

11 Dec 17

It has been assumed that large amount of clay minerals on Mars could have been formed later interactions with water on the surface. But this assumption has been nullified by a new research that reveals that it could have been formed after the planet's crust cooled down and took a solid form. Discussing of the possibilities it has been said that in the very early solar system, Mars and other rocky planets are assumed to have been covered by oceans of molten magma.

At the time when the magma ocean began to cool and solidify, water and other dissolved liquids would be evaporated to the surface. It led to the formation of a thick, steamy atmosphere around the planet. It took billions of years to the evolution of the planet. Volcanic activities and asteroid attacks would have covered the clays in some places and burrowed them in others. This process led to the patchy distribution of the clay in a large area that is seen on the planet. It has been said that those clay deposits doesn't require a warm and wet climate on early Red Planet. Scientists also said that the steam atmosphere that is related with the ocean of magma could have survived for as long as 10 million years or more.  There has been a possibility that a lot of water might have locked up in those clays that if heated up by any process, would release that water. It might provide a temporary water supply.

By: Anita Aishvarya

Content: www.sciencedaily.com


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The Unmatchable Chef: Sanjeev Kapoor

10 Dec 17

The great Indian chef Sanjeev Kapoor is a celebrity chef, entrepreneur writer and television personality. His show Khana Khazana achieved a lot of fame and it is the longest running show of its kind in Asia.

The show had its broadcasting in 120 countries and in 2010 had more than 500 million viewers. He launched his own channel “Food Food” in January, 2011. Discovery Communications gained majority stake in this channel through its Indian organization. He also participated in Jhalak Dikhla Jaa. Sanjeev Kapoor spent most of his childhood in New Delhi. He entered the hospitality industry in the year 1984 and pursued Diploma in Hotel Management from the Institute of Hotel Management (IHM) Pusa and Catering Technology and Applied Nutrition, New Delhi.

Sanjeev Kapoor is also the recipient of the Best Executive Chef of India Award by H & FS and the Mercury Gold Award at Geneva, Switzerland by Indian Federation of Culinary Associations. Sweekar Advanced, a sunflower oil brand in India made Sanjeev Kapoor their brand ambassador.

By: Bhavna Sharma

Content: Wikipedia


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