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04 Mar 17

NASA’s Spitzer Space Telescope has discovered a system of seven Earth-size planets surrounding a single star. Liquid water could be present in all the seven planets. But the chances are the highest in three of these planets situated in the habitable zone, the region around the parent star where it is more probable for a planet to have liquid water.

"This discovery could be a significant piece in the puzzle of finding habitable environments, places that are conducive to life" said Thomas Zurbuchen, the NASA’s Science Mission Directorate’s associate administrator.

One of the top priorities of science is to find an answer to the question “Are we alone?” Finding several habitable planets for the first time is an exceptional step forward towards that objective.

This exoplanet system located approximately 40 light-years away from earth has been named TRAPPIST-1 (The Transiting Planets and Planetesimals Small Telescope).  On the basis of their densities, all the planets of the TRAPPIST-1 are estimated to be rocky. These new discoveries have been published in the Nature journal.

Following these discoveries, NASA’s Hubble Space Telescope has begun the scrutinizing of four of the seven planets, including the three in the habitable zone.

Image: https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=2GKLp4luW30

Content: https://www.sciencedaily.com/releases/2017/02/170222130941.htm

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All About The Humongous Kumbh Mela

25 Mar 18

Kumbh Mela is a mass Hindu Pilgrimage that is inscribed on the UNESCO's Representative List of Intangible Cultural Heritage of Humanity. The mela draws a lot of devotees from all over India and the world. It attracted a record 10 crore people in Allahabad in 2013. The pilgrimage is held every 3 years and switches between 4 different locations in India - Haridwar, Ujjain, Prayag and Nasik.

Kumbh means nectar. The story behind the pilgrimage goes back to when Gods resided on Earth. The curse of Sage Durvasa has weakened them and the demons (asuras) have caused devastation on Earth. Lord Brahma suggested to churn out the nectar with the help of demons but not share with them. When they got know about it, they chased them fo 12 days. The nectar fell at the four locations where Kumbh Mela takes place. Dates of the Kumbh Mela are calculated by looking at the zodiac positions of Jupiter, the Sun and the Moon. Hindus believe that when they bathe during Kumbh in the sacred waters, all their sins are washed away and they are blessed by the divine. The mela is said to be over 2000 years old and was first written into accounts during the time of King Harshavardhana. The mela creates a huge number of jobs each year. Tight security and medical help is maintained during the meal each year it is held to maintain order.

By: Neha Maheshwari

Content: https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Kumbh_Mela














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Ironman Triathlon: One Of The Most Difficult Sporting Event In The World

25 Mar 18

An Ironman Triathlon is considered to be one of the most challenging one-day sporting event in the world that consists of long distance triathlon races composing of a 3.86 km of swimming followed by a 180.25 km of bicycle ride and a 42.2 km of marathon at the end. The race has to be completed without any break. It is organized by the World Triathlon Corporation.

These ironman events have  cutoff time of 17 hours to complete the whole race. The race starts with swimming at around 7:00 AM and the cut off time is 9:20 a.m. (2 hours and 20 minutes), the compulsory cut off time for bike is 5:30 p.m. (total of 8 hours and 10 minutes) and for marathon, the cutoff is midnight (total of 6 hours and 30 minutes). Ironman is designated to the participant who manages to complete the triathlon within the mentioned time constraints. Ironman World Championship is annually held in Kailua-Kona in Hawaii. The race originally took place in Oahu and moved to Kailua-Kona in 1981. This most challenging game of all time has been known for its tiring length, cruel race conditions and Emmy-award winning TV coverage. There are other races that share same aspects as the Ironman Triathlon championship but is not produced, owned or licensed by the World Triathlon Corporation. Format of Ironman remains unchanged since its inception.

By: Neha Maheshwari

Content: https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Ironman_Triathlon





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New Version of Satellite by Orbital ATK

24 Mar 18

Orbital ATK has announced that it is producing a new version of a satellite life extension vehicle. The motive behind it is to provide more flexibility to customers. Also, make the company better in-space servicing.

At the Satellite 2018 conference, the executives also made a declaration regarding the development of Mission Robotic Vehicle and Mission Extension Pods. These shall be proficient to handle stationkeeping for geostationary satellites that are running out of fuel. The new systems are based on the Mission Extension Vehicle (MEV). As per the new approach the Mission Robotic Vehicle shall approach a customer’s satellite and use a robotic arm to attach a pod to that satellite. The Mission Robotic Vehicle and Mission Extension Pods will offer solutions to customers that don’t require the full-fledged capabilities of the MEV. The new system shall be ready for service by 2021. This is apt time when Orbital ATK has announced this new version of satellite. Presently, Effective Space Solutions is developing its Space Drone spacecraft; Space Systems Loral (SSL) is working on the Robotic Servicing of Geosynchronous Satellites program and Defense Advanced Research Projects Agency, is developing a vehicle capable of refueling and repairing GEO spacecraft. Orbital ATK has sold two MEVs to Intelsat, one of which shall launch this year itself.

By: Anuja Arora

Source: http://spacenews.com/orbital-atk-unveils-new-version-of-satellite-servicing-vehicle/

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Team India Roster for Second Window of the FIBA World Cup Qualifiers Announced

24 Mar 18

The FIBA Basketball World Cup, also known as the FIBA World Cup of Basketball is an international basketball competition contested by the men's national teams of the members of the International Basketball Federation (FIBA), the sport's global governing body. The preparations for the FIBA World Cup Asian Qualifiers window-2 are presently going on.

The details of FIBA events for the upcoming matches are as follows: In the first round of Asian Qualifiers, India has drawn in Group C with Syria, Lebanon, and Jordan. India lost the first two qualifying games against Lebanon by 72-107. On November 26, 2017, India lost a match against Syria by 57-74. Further India met Jordan on Feb 23, 2018, and faces Lebanon on February 26, 2018. Each of these matches were played at the Sri Kanteerava Indoor Stadium in Bengaluru. The first round fixtures shall come to an end when India shall play against Syria on June 28, 2018 and meet Jordan on July 1, 2018. So far India has lost both the matches. Lebanon and Syria have both lost and won one match each. Keeping in mind the excitement and craze in the audiences for the game of basketball, the authorities have decided to allow free entry to the matches. In order to reach the second round, India will have to finish at top three of their group. The second round is expected to be held between February- September 2018. Post two days long selection procedure, the final roster of 12 players for the World Cup qualifiers has been announced. The team shall include the following players- Ravi Bhardwaj; Arvind Arumugam; Satnam Singh; Arshpreet Singh Bhullar; A Aravind; P Akilan; J Justin; P Jeevanantham; Yadwinder Singh; Joginder Singh; Amritpal Singh; Amjyot Singh.

By: Anuja Arora

Source: http://basketballfederationindia.org/index.php/news/latest-news/450-team-india-roster-announced-for-the-second-window-of-the-fiba-world-cup-qualifiers-at-home-in-sree-kanteerava-stadium-bengaluru


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Nur Jahan - The Light of the World

23 Mar 18

Nur Jahan, born as Mehr-un-Nissa, a strong, charismatic and a well-educated woman was one of the most powerful, influential and privileged woman in Mughal history. She was born to  Mirza Ghias Beg and Asmat Begum in Kandahar. Beg's family lost almost everything in a misfortune in their homeland and with the hope of rebuilding the lost possession, the family was moving to India. However, on the way, the caravan was attacked and they were deprived of the meager possession also that they had. A belief also holds that the misfortune led the family to abandon baby Nur Jahan. But then destiny had other plans. She was picked up by another man in the caravan and he was moved by her innocence and beauty and somehow believed that she might change the fortune of the deprived family. Beg soon found a position in Akbar's court and he served as the diwan (treasurer). Nur received superior education and got married at the age of 17 with Sher Afghan, governor of Bihar, who died in two years leaving Nur with a step daughter.

Nur's life again surrounded with misfortune leading her to serve Empress Ruqaiya Sultan Begum, Jahangir’s stepmother as ladies-in-waiting. They served here for four years until Jahangir fell for Nur and married. She received the name Nur Jahan meaning 'Light of the World' from Jahangir and had great influence over him as he was alchohol and opium addicted.

Eventually, Nur Jahan emerged as the most powerful woman and effectively wielded the imperial power. She was also known as the 'tiger slayer' as she killed four tigers in one single hunt.

Nur Jahan tactfully overturned many rebellions in her lifetime and was the real power behind the throne that led Jahangir to rule for more than 15 years. She was the only woman to be granted with certain honours and privileges and had the privilege of coinage strucked in her name in the coinage. However, the empress had a tragic end and passed her last days that though in her last days in confinement.  



By: Subrata Dey

Content: https://www.historyofroyalwomen.com/nur-jahan/empress-mughal-india-nur-jahan/

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