We are always persuaded by our elders to eat hand pound rice and hand ground wheat rather than eating polished rice. But we carry on eating the machine-polished cereals as they can be stored for a longer time. The fact is that machine-polishing removes the bran that surrounds the seed containing the pericarp. Bran also has an ‘aleurone layer’ which contains small amounts of vital nutrients for instance vitamins, iron, zinc etc.
These ‘micronutrients’ are not present in machine-polished grains which in turn leads to “hidden hunger”. United Nation agencies stated that hidden hunger affects one in every three children worldwide. This leads to insufficient physical growth and hampers development of the brain.
In the 1970s Dr. Ramalingaswami of ICMR started a programme in
Dr. Maharaj Krishan Bhan a member of AIIMS and Department of Biotechnology in
If rice and wheat full of micronutrients are included in the daily diet there will be no need of such supplements. To address this concern