Wrestling is a very ancient sport that was played in various parts of world. Usually it was known as a game to be fit and healthy. At the same time it was also used as a medium to express the authority and power and to punish the wrong doers. In India it is known as “Malla” “Dwandwa” “Dangal” etc. Wrestling is a combat sport that involves grappling type techniques. There are signs of this sport in Veda, the Babylonian and Egyptian civilisation. Presently there are gymnasiums and athletic clubs that present a regulated form of wrestling. It has also found its place in Olympic Games. It is being played by women too. There are Olympic disciplines such as: 1. Greco-Roman wrestling- In this form it is forbidden to hold the opponent below the belt, to make trips, and to actively use the legs in the execution of any action; 2. Freestyle wrestling- It is played by both men and women. This style allows the use of the wrestler's or his opponent's legs in offense and defense; 3. Amateur Pankration- It is a form of Martial Art; 4. Beach wrestling- It is standing wrestling done by wrestlers, inside a sand-filled circle. Its rules have been modified in 2015 that now allows wrestlers to score points through takedowns, pushing their opponent out of bounds, or bringing the opponent down to their back.
By: Anita Aishvarya