The rapid deforestation can majorly effect the rising temperatures of the earth. Forest has a great role to play in regulating the surface temperature. A plant has a major role to play in climate change. There are several ways in which forest helps in altering the surface temperature of the earth’s atmosphere. Plants use the energy from sun to draw carbon dioxide from the atmosphere and process photosynthesis. As Carbon dioxide also happens to be abundantly available greenhouse gas, removal of carbon dioxide plays a very vital role in warming of earth as a whole. Plants sweat, a process known as transpiration. When the surrounding atmosphere gets heated plants transpire and release evaporated water into the atmosphere thus cooling themselves as well as the surrounding atmosphere. Areas covered with dense forest can note visible increase in water vapor in the atmosphere resulting in precipitation and cloud cover over that area.
European Commission Joint Research Center had conducted a research based on data collected from satellite from 2000 to 2015 and links the changes to the surface balance of energy. The study also analyzed changes between different types of vegetation like evergreen forest, the savannas, shrub lands, Grass lands, crop lands and wetlands. It was noted that the removal of natural tropical green cover for farming and agriculture and urban development is mostly responsible for the rising temperatures in such areas. People living in these areas will be directly and immediately exposed to escalating temperatures.
By: Madhuchanda Saxena