Bartolomé Esteban Murillo is one of the most popular painter/ artist who basically come in the category of Baroque religious. Coming from 17th-century who resided in Spain, he was always praised for his idealized painting works, sometimes practical or unacceptable type art. Murillo was distinguished for his independent way of thinking, he framed his own style of painting, incorporating Flemish and Venetian influences and unfolding throughout his career.
The oil sketch played an important role in Murillo’s method of working. The early, exploratory stages of a composition were usually developed with drawings in pen and ink, wash or chalk. Through his prime contributors were the religious disciples, mainly the Franciscans and the confraternities in Sevilla (Seville) and Andalusia. In respect of Murillo’s initial works, the most famous was Virgin of the Rosary. He was believed to achieve stability between real and spiritual ideas in the paintings by mixing the sculptural formalism and coherence of traditional Spanish art with the technical transformation of Venetian and Flemish art. The 11 paintings that are originally placed in the museum of San Francisco in Sevillaare executed in the more concurrent lifelike style of the Sevillian School. The series contemplates the realistic art which one can relate to self and imagine the actual scenario behind the idea of the painting. He has given various masterpiece but the one which was a rare classical subject in Murillo’s oeuvre, was the theme of Roman Charity is based on the text of Valerius Masimus, which enumerates how the Roman matron daughter saved the life of her dying father, Cimon, who had been awarded the death by starvation, she saved him by feeding him from her breast. The theme, which was a common subject among the northern followers of Caravaggio, is usually interpreted as an allegory of filial love, but it has been noted that Caravaggio himself included it in his masterpiece The Seven Acts of Mercy (Capodimonte, Naples) as a reference to the charitable act of “feeding the hungry.” It is globally agreed that Murillo based his creativity on several subjects after Rubens’s Caritas Romana in the Hermitage, but Enriqueta Harris, while acknowledging this, has astutely observed the differences between the compositions by Rubens and Murillo, and between Murillo’s own preparatory drawing and the finished painting. Murillo on Thursday, November 29, 2018 joins a list of eminent global figures to be listed on Google Doodle treatment.
By: Anuja Arora