Earlier plastic surgery was considered as a mean of treating the burn or accident victims; however, with change in time it is used as a solution of getting perfect and desirable body shape.
The science of plastic surgery is much older that it was thought. The oldest known medical text that talks about trauma and surgical procedures is from the description by the Edwin Smith Papyrus. The Rhinoplasty of Egypt is the earliest known mention of plastic surgery. Gaspare Tagliacozzi, an Italian surgeon and Harold Gillies a surgeon from New Zealand are called as “The Father of Plastic Surgery.” Indian healer named Sushruta is known for his surgical work as mentioned in his Sushruta-samhita, a Sanskrit text that’s considered as the foundational text for modern plastic surgery. The British Learnt about Plastic Surgery in India. Ancient Egyptians Performed Plastic Surgery on the Dead bodies. Ancient Romans were very passionate about plastic surgery. From the 5th to the 15th century AD, it was associated with Witchcraft. During the Renaissance, Barber Shops performed Plastic Surgeries. After a long struggle World Wars I and II gave an opportunity to plastic surgeons to show the value of plastic surgery. Plastic surgeons applied this science in constructing safety regulations for clothing. Dr. Joseph Murray conducted the first live organ transplant in 1954 and won the Nobel Prize in 1990.
By: Anita Aishvarya