To know more about the universe, astronomers apply the principles of physics and mathematics. They collect the information about the characteristics of planets,stars, moons and other objects with the help of telescopes and computer programs.Astronomers also have to develop and test scientific theories, analyzing data and writing their research proposals. They also compose scientific papers and present their interpretation to others who are in the same field.

Career Options

  • - NASA - National Optical Astronomy Observatories - National Radio Astronomy Observatories - U.S. Naval Observatory - Space Telescope Science Institute - Planetariums - Other informal education & public outreach (EPO) efforts.

Educational Qualifications

  • - 10 +2 Science Stream - Ph.D. degree is compulsory

Personal Skills

  • - Astronomers must have the ability to solve complex problems - Conduct research - Accurately analyze data - They need strong math and science skills
  • along with being about to work within a team

Courses to be pursued

  • - B.Sc in Astrophysics – 3 year full-time course - B.Sc in Astronomy – 3 year full-time course - B.Tech in relevant Engineering - M.Sc Astronomy - M.Tech (Astronomy and Space Engineering) - PhD. in Astronomy - PhD. in Astronomy and Astrophysics - PhD. in Astrophysics - PhD. in Atmospheric Science and Astrophysics

Top Colleges

  • Indian Centre for Space Physics, Kolkata  Address: 43, Garia Station Rd, Baidyapara, Garia, Kolkata, West Bengal-700084 Phone no.: 033 2436 6003 Website:
  • Tata Institute of Fundamental Research (TIFR) - Department of Astronomy and Astrophysics, Mumbai  Address: Homi Bhabha Road, Colaba , Mumbai (Mumbai Dist.) - 400005  Maharashtra Phone no.: 91-22-2278 2000 / 2618 Website:

Working Conditions

- Nearly work in the office. - Usually work regular business hours. However, those who are deeply involved in research may work longer hours. - Must be accurate and thorough in their work. - Sometimes have to repeat the same mental tasks. - Usually have the freedom to make decisions and set their daily tasks and goals independently. - Sometimes must meet weekly and monthly deadlines.

Top Companies

  • Space Exploration Technologies (SpaceX)  Address: Hawthorne, California, United States Phone no.: 1-310-363-6000. Website:
  • Blue Origin Address: 21218 76th Ave S Kent, Washington 98032 Phone no.: +1 253-872-0411 Website:

Successful Persons

Galileo Galilei

In seventeenth century, Galileo Galilei played a vital role in the scientific revolution. He contributes to observational astronomy which includes the four largest satellites of Jupiter, confirmation of the phases of Venus , and the observation and analysis of sunspots. He also worked to invent an improved military compass and other instruments.

Albert Einstein

Einstein proposed in the early 20th century, German physicist Albert Einstein (1879-1955) became one of the most famous scientists ever after proposing a new way of looking at the universe that went beyond current understanding. Einstein suggested that the laws of physics are the same throughout the universe that the speed of light in a vacuum is constant, and that space and time are linked in an entity known as space-time, which is distorted by gravity.

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