After the fall of Mussolini's Fascist regime in 1943 and the end of World War II, Italian films were introduced through a few extraordinary works by Roberto Rossellini. Italian directors, who were newly freed from Fascist censorship, desired to merge the cinema with social, political, and economic themes.
Neorealist films were highly criticized and focused attention upon social problems, such as the effects of the Resistance and the war, postwar poverty, and unemployment. Italian neorealism movies were set amongst the poor and the working class. They used locations that were very common to people. Generally nonprofessional actors worked in Neorealist films. Some of the famous actors were also cast in leading roles, playing strongly against their normal characters. Rundown cities as well as rural areas were the prime location for shooting. Neorealist films mostly showed the conditions of the poor and the lower working class and their survival techniques. Vittorio De Sica's film The Bicycle Thief, de Sica's Miracle in Milan, Umberto D; The Earth Trembles are some of the examples of neorealism films that were unique. Neorealism films had a great impact on the cinema all over the world and it also touched the heart and soul of international audience.
By: Anita Aishvarya