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Second Green Revolution and its Implications

Between the period of 1930s and the late 1960s a research and the development of technology initiatives were taken that resulted into a high increase of agricultural production worldwide called the Green Revolution.

To bring the high-yielding varieties (HYVs) of cereals, like dwarf wheat and rice, were cultivated with the help of chemical fertilizers. At the same time grains were cultivated that used a controlled water-supply and new methods of cultivation, including various latest equipments. The credit of Green Revolution goes to Norman Borlaug, who is called the "Father of the Green Revolution.”  The Second Green Revolution is also a massive change in agricultural production globally that is thought necessary to feed and sustain the growing population on Earth. The revolution has been done after looking into the high demand and response to rising food commodity prices, and fears of peak oil among other things. Now it is called the “Second Green Revolution.” In this second revolution too genetic engineering of new crops and foods grains will lead in production. At the same time focus will be on increasing the crop yield and nutrition of the same. Bill Gates is also there among the proponents of a second green revolution. The then President of India, Mr. Pranab Mukherjee had also raised concern about the increasing demand of food grain. Looking forward to this the Indian Government had earlier allocated an additional Rs. 400 crores in 2011-12 under Rashtriya Krishi Vikas Yojana for motivating green revolution to the eastern region. The eastern states include Assam, Bihar, Jharkhand, Eastern UP, Chhattisgarh, Odisha and West Bengal. Rice was a priority crop under the scheme. The Budget 2012-13 has raised the allocation to Rs. 1,000 crores seeing the success of the scheme.

By: Anita Aishvarya


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