White Revolution and Its Impacts on Indian Economy [1 min read]
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White Revolution and Its Impacts on Indian Economy

India is a vast South Asian country with diverse terrain and a huge population. It is suggested by the experts that the population is growing faster than other populous nations. As per the experts, the population boom could pose certain challenges and have a major impact on India's economy. Milk production is one of the major challenges that India had faced before Project Flood.

In India, milk is obtained from animals such as cows, buffaloes, goats and from camels (in Rajasthan). The Indian Dairy Industry has gained substantial expansion from the Eighth Plan onwards. It is believed that India’s milk output has placed the industry first in the world. Additionally, India’s milk output has represented continued growth in the availability of milk and milk products.

As per the Economic data, dairy sector is now the largest contributor in the agricultural sector to the nation’s GDP. India’s dairy industry achieved this success after the occurrence of Project Flood known as White Revolution.

In 1965, the National Dairy Development Board (NDDB) was placed to support, plan and organize dairy development through cooperatives. These cooperatives were envisioned as democratic institutions, owned and managed by rural producers. The project was divided into 3 different phases that helped the National Dairy Development Board to achieve the set targets.

India has become the leading producer of milk in the world. The milk production that was about 17 million tons in 1950-51 increased upto 105 million tons in 2007-08. The production of milk has gone up by more than six times when compared with that of the Pre-Independence situation. And this has supported the Indian economy.
The small and poor farmers and the landless labourers are benefitted from the White Revolution as they are getting employed and helping to raise and feeding their family. The White Revolution made a positive impact on rural areas and encouraged them to take dairying as an occupation.
Moreover for the improvement in the quality of livestock, extensive cross breeding has been launched. And for a good and positive response of the white revolution , research centres are set up at Anand, Mehsana, and Palanpur (Banaskantha). Moreover, there are three regional centres who are running in Siliguri, Jalandhar, and Erode. currently there are metro dairies in 10 metropolitan cities of the country, beside 40 plants which are handling more than one lakh litres of milk.
Verghese Kurien was known as the "Father of the White Revolution" for his Operation Flood; it was his idea and thought which transformed India with a milk-deficient nation to the world's largest milk producer. In 1998 India left United States and increased its production. Due to Kurien efforts dairy farming became India's largest self-sustaining industry. It was him who founded around 30 institutions (like AMUL, GCMMF, IRMA, NDDB) which are owned, managed by farmers and run by professionals providing them earning wages. Moreover he is the founder chairman of the Gujarat Co-operative Milk Marketing Federation (GCMMF). He was responsible for the creation and success of the Amul brand of dairy products. Which mad India world’s biggest producer and consumer of dairy ondate.

Source: www.geographynotes.com

By: Priyanka Negi

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