Head is considered the most sophisticated parts of our body that is made up of various nerves and tissues. Human brain remains safe inside the brain but a small injury can spoils one’s life forever. Concussion is a brain injury caused by a blow to the head (even a mild blow) or a violent shaking of the head. It may at that time result in consciousness, and can lead to temporary cognitive symptoms. Concussion in teenagers increases the risk of multiple sclerosis (MS) in life on a later stage; however, this does not happen with children of younger age. The symptoms of concussion may include headache, confusion, lack of coordination, memory loss, nausea, vomiting, dizziness, ringing in the ears, sleepiness. The reason of developing MS depends on combination of genetic vulnerability and environmental exposures. Teenagers are more prone to MS as their body's immune system prevents them to function correctly over time than to younger children. It is also not necessary that each concussion will lead to MS. There is no exact treatment for concussion. It is recommended to avoid repetitive head injury, take rest and should temporarily reduce time spent on sports, video games, TV. It is also advised to use helmet while playing sports that may cause head injury like Boxing and Cycling. After any hit to the head, it's important to watch the athlete for any symptoms or signs of a concussion.
By: Anita Aishvarya