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Physicists research physical phenomena, devise hypotheses, conduct experiments and draw conclusions from experimental data to explain the world around us. Physicists can work in either applied or theoretical physics, based on their skill set and available career opportunities. 

Career Options

  • Employers of physics graduates include academic institutions
  • government research organisations and industry. Industries employing physicists are varied and include: • Aerospace and defense • Education • Energy • Engineering • Instrumentation • Manufacturing • Oil and gas • Science and telecommunications. Physics graduates not directly using their physics degree can pursue careers in a range of sectors such as IT and consultancy
  • the environmental industry
  • financial services
  • legal sector
  • transport and utilities.

Educational Qualifications

  • • Class 10th Pass • Class 10+2 with Science Stream

Personal Skills

  • • An enquiring mind. • The ability to think clearly and logically
  • with good problem solving skills. • A methodical approach to work
  • with a high level of accuracy. • Excellent communication and presentation skills. • An excellent understanding of statistics and relevant computer packages.

Courses to be pursued

  • • B.Sc (Physics) • Master of Physics (MPhys) • Master of Science (Physics) • Ph.D. (Physics)

Top Colleges

  • Indian Institute of Technology, Bombay Address: IIT Area, Powai, Mumbai, Maharashtra 400076 Phone: 022 2572 2545
  • Tata Institute of Fundamental Research, Mumbai Address: Homi Bhabha Road, Navy Nagar, Colaba, Mumbai, Maharashtra 400005 Phone: 022 2278 2000

Working Conditions

Physicists often work regular hours in laboratories and offices. At times, however, those who are deeply involved in research may work long or irregular hours. Most do not encounter unusual hazards in their work. Some physicists temporarily work away from home at national or international facilities with unique equipment, such as particle accelerators.

Top Companies

  • Hewlett Packard Enterprise Address: Cyber GREEN, Building 2, 1st to 4th floors, Towers D & E, DLF Cyber City Phase 3, Gurugram, Haryana 122022 Phone:098916 22254
  • IBM India Private Limited Address: Manyata Embassy Business Park (MEBP), Thanisandra, Bengaluru, Karnataka 560045 Phone: 093600 17009

Successful Persons

Isaac Newton

English physicist and mathematician Sir Isaac Newton, most famous for his law of gravitation, was instrumental in the scientific revolution of the 17th century.

Albert Einstein

Albert Einstein was a German-born theoretical physicist. He developed the theory of relativity, one of the two pillars of modern physics (alongside quantum mechanics).Einstein's work is also known for its influence on the philosophy of science. Einstein is best known by the general public for his mass–energy equivalence formula E = mc2 (which has been dubbed "the world's most famous equation"). He received the 1921 Nobel Prize in Physics "for his services to theoretical physics, and especially for his discovery of the law of the photoelectric effect", a pivotal step in the evolution of quantum theory.

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