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Astronomy and Astrophysicist

Astronomy is the science which deals with the study of heavenly bodies. It considers 

(a) their motions, both real and apparent, and the laws which govern those motions;

(b) their forms, dimensions, masses, and surface features;

(c) their nature, constitution, and physical condition;

(d) the effects which they produce upon one another by their attractions and radiations;

(e) their probable past history and future development.

Astronomy is necessarily an observational science rather than an experimental one. The discussions and interpretation of observations employs the use of mathematical analysis, often of the most advanced type. 

Career Options

  • An acute need for young scientists in the field of Astronomy is present. The following possibilities are open for a career for a physics / mathematics / engineering graduate with a specialization or a Ph.D. in Astronomy & Astrophysics •Research Scientist Several research institutes and government organizations employ research scientists in various academic grades for research oriented programs. •University Faculty There will be more openings in the universities
  • especially in physics departments
  • for specialists in Astronomy & Astrophysics •Industry Experience with sophisticated astronomical instrumentation and the expertise gained in computer programming and handling data can serve as valuable assets for jobs in industry.

Educational Qualifications

  • •10+2 Science Stream •Graduation in Astronomical Engineering

Personal Skills

  • •Interested in a career that offers continual intellectual stimulation •Able to stay abreast of latest advancements in the field •Able to remain passionate about your work •Able to apply scientific and mathematical concepts to solving complex problems •Excellent analytical skills and strong imagination

Courses to be pursued

  • •A Bachelor of Science (B.Sc.) degree in astronomy
  • astrophysics or physics may qualify you for entry – level jobs in astrophysics •A Master of Science (M.Sc.) degree in astrophysics is required for most research assistant and consulting positions •A doctoral (Ph.D.) degree in astrophysics

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Working Conditions

An astrophysicist can expect to have stressful and tiresome working conditions. The typical work setting for an astrophysicist would be in private offices, labs, universities, Government sites, observatories, aerospace firms, and museums. However around 70% of all astrophysicists work mainly indoors. The field of astrophysics evidently demands a more night time, hence some suffer from a lack of sleep. A majority of astrophysicist can expect to work anywhere from 8 to 10 hours a day and 56 to 70 hours a week.

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Successful Persons

Paul F. Goldsmith

director of National Astronomy and Ionosphere Center; developed techniques to study structure of dense molecular clouds where star formation is occurring.

Tycho Brahe

observed a supernova now known as ``Tycho's supernova''; made the most precise observations of stellar and planetary positions then known.

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