Plant Breeding is the art and science of changing the attributes of plants in order to make them produce the desired result. This aids in improving the quality of nutrients in products for both humans and animals. The plant breeders struggle to achieve a particular outcome of plants and new varieties in them.
The working routine follows a seasonal pattern and shifts are usually quite long with the plants requiring care seven days a week, whereas some months are less busy than others. Extra hours may sometimes be required depending on the experiments that are being carried out.
Gregor Mendel was a Germany based scientist who posthumously received the recognition as the founder of the modern science of genetics. Mendel used seven characteristics of pea plants which were plant height, pod shape and color, seed shape and color, and flower position and color. Taking seed color as an example, Mendel explained how a true-breeding yellow pea and a true-breeding green pea when cross-bred, their offspring always produced yellow seeds.
James Watson is an American biologist and geneticist who is one of the discoverers of DNA structure in 1953. He also received the Nobel Prize in Physiology for his discoveries aiming at the molecular structure of nucleic acids and its importance in information transfer.
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