Students of any nation are the most important and powerful resource for better growth of the country. Students design the future of a country. As the main key students are, they sometimes finish being utilized and get refused for their rights.
It is important for each and every student in the country, mainly college students should get to know their legal rights. Although in India, there is no specific right that is solely dedicated to students, there are 4 important laws in the Indian constitution that every student must be aware of the Indian Penal code.
Right to Information (Article 19-1-a):
Right to Information is an act of the Indian Parliament that constructs the right to information a fundamental right for the citizens of India. This Right to Information was proceeded by Parliament on June 15, 2005, and came into force on October 12, 2005.
Under the RTI Act, "any citizen of India can request information from any public authority and the authority will have to return back at the fastest time or within thirty days".
If the matter requires a petitioner's life and freedom, the information has to be issued within 48 hours.
Right to Equality (Article 14):
The right to Equality of the Indian constitution gives identical before the law within the territory of India. This law is applicable to anybody and everybody who is the interior part of the territory of India including an Indian citizen, corporations, and foreigners.
Article 14 allows classification, so long as it is 'reasonable', but prohibits class legislation. Classification of groups of people is observed reasonable when:
The classification is based upon comprehensible differentia that discriminates persons or things that are grouped from others that are excluded from the group.
The differential has a reasoned with the objective of the act
Right to Education (Article 21-A):
Right to Education Act is an Act of the India Parliament that was manufacture on August 4, 2009. This law reports the procedure of the importance of free and important education for children between 6 and 14 in India and comes under Article 21 (a) of the Indian Constitution.
RTE makes attainable of education a fundamental right of each and every child between the ages of 6 and 14 and specifies minimum norms in primary schools.
This law describes that all private schools have to set aside 25% of seats to children (to be compensated by the state as part of the public-private association plan).
It also forbids all obscure schools from practice and makes providing for no contribution or contribution fees and no interview of the child or parent for admittance.
The Act also allows that no child will be held back, ban, or need to pass a board examination until the fulfillment of elementary education.
There is also a provision for unusual training of school drop-outs to bring them up to equality with students of the same age.
Right to Life (under Article 21):
The Right to life (Article 21) says that nobody, counting the Government, has to command to end your life. Under this law, it is compulsory for the Government to take suitable measures to safeguard life by making laws to protect you.
Right to Life also makes it compulsory for the Govt to take suitable steps to protect you if your life is in danger.
Public authorities should also consider your right to life when manufacturing decisions that might put you at risk or that affect your life hope.
If a member of your family dies in conditions that require the state, you may have the right to an inquiry.
By: Aditya Raj Awasthi
Pinnacle National School