Three years of preschool and four years of undergraduate honors courses are some of the characteristics of a draft of the National Education Policy and the Government of Narendra.
Among the other proposals, they are in the school and not in the preschool classes until Grade (Class) XII, instead of only Class I to VIII, and a school breakfast that is in elementary and primary school.
The minister of human resources development, Ramesh Pokhriyal, "Nishank" received the NEP, prepared by an eight-member expert committee headed by the eminent scientist K. Kasturirangan, immediately after taking office on Friday.
"Today I received the report. We consult the states and we will take it forward, "said Nishank.
The ministry will look for feedback from the public for about a month, higher education secretary R. Subrahmanyam informed.
After that, the final version will be published in the first week of July and taken into cabinet, said Subrahmanyam.
India adopted the education policy existing in 1986 and revised it in 1992. According to this policy, the 12 years of school are going to be the first years of "early childhood care and education", implemented largely in the centers of anganwadi.
The new draft policy recommends preschool and school education to be divided into a 5 + 3 + 3 + 4 system, beginning with a "foundational stage" of five years, composed of the preschool years and grades I and II.
This stage consists of presenting an education based on play, activity and discovery, and learning methods will continually remain updating in the light of the latest research.
The draft suggests exposure to more than one language at the fundamental stage. Given that most of the centers of Anganwadi, although focusing on the game and the guard, have neglected education due to poor infrastructure.
The next stage is a "preparatory phase" of three years (Grades III to V) of basic education, which incorporates some textbooks and aspects of formal learning in the classroom.
The following three years of "secondary education" (grades VI to VIII) will involve the development of abstract thinking and the learning of the subjects, which refers to a four-year phase of "secondary education" (grades IX to XII), says the draft.
Under this nomenclature, there will be no higher secondary education.
The draft emphasizes reforms to develop study plans and teaching methods that focus on improving understanding and learning.
Given that the entire school curriculum must be reoriented to develop a holistic learning, critical thinking, creativity, spirit of collaboration, social responsibility, multilingualism and digital literacy.
The draft is in the language formula for grades VI to VIII, and continues with the choice of foreign languages, such as French, German, Spanish, Chinese and Japanese, as electives for grades IX to XII.
Each year, it is divided into two semesters. Each student must learn from five to six subjects each semester. Speak some common themes while offering students flexibility in the selection of elective courses to explore their individual interests and talents.
The draft policy also suggests that it be translated and incorporated extracts from the works of great Indian, classical, modern and all Indian languages.
For example, the passages of the writings of Rabindranath Tagore can be taught in the classes of philosophy, writing, ethics and history.
The University of Delhi introduced a four-year undergraduate program similar to 2013, but Modi's government in 2014 forced him to return to the three-year formula, citing the President's lack of approval for the new system.
Social media content: Among the other main proposals are free and compulsory schooling from preschool till Grade XII, in spite of only from Class I to VIII, and a school breakfast added to the midday meal in preschool and primary school.
By: Preeti Narula
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