Technology is now evolving at such a rapid pace that annual predictions of trends may appear outdated before they are published as published posts or blog articles. As technology evolves, it allows even faster change and progress, which causes the rate of change to accelerate, until eventually it will become exponential.
Technology-based careers do not change at the same speed, but they do evolve, and the smart IT professional recognizes that their role will not remain the same. The IT worker of the 21st century will be constantly learning, by necessity, if he does not want it.
What does this mean for you? It means keeping up with technological trends. And it means keeping your eyes on the future, to know what skills you will need to know and what kind of jobs you want them to qualify for.
Here are eight technology trends that you should consider in 2019, and some of the jobs that will be created with these trends. Because now is the time to train for one of these emerging jobs.
1. Artificial Intelligence (AI)
Artificial Intelligence, or AI, has already received many rumors in recent years, but it is still a tendency to observe, since its effects on the way we live, work and play are only in the initial stages. In addition, other branches of AI have been developed, including machine learning, which we will see later. AI refers to computer systems created to imitate human intelligence and perform tasks such as image recognition, speech or patterns and decision making. AI can do these tasks faster and more accurately than humans.
To learn more about possible AI jobs, read about how to develop a career in AI or why you should obtain an AI certification.
2. Machine learning
Machine learning is a subset of artificial intelligence. With Machine Learning, computers are programmed to learn to do something for which they are not programmed: they literally learn by discovering patterns and points of view of the data. In general, we have two types of learning, supervised and unsupervised.
3. Automation of robotic processes or RPA
Like artificial intelligence and machine learning, the automation of robotic processes or RPA, is another technology that automates the work. RPA is the use of software to automate business processes such as the interpretation of applications, transaction processing, data management and even the response to emails. RPA automates the repetitive tasks that people used to do. These are not just the domestic tasks of a worker with low pay: up to 45 percent of the activities we do can be automated, including the work of financial managers, doctors and executive directors.
Although most people think of blockchain technology in relation to cryptocurrencies like Bitcoin, blockchain offers security that is useful in many other ways. In the simplest of terms, blockchain can be described as data that you can only add, not remove or change. Hence the term "string" because you are creating a data string. Not being able to change the previous blocks is what makes it so safe. In addition, block chains are based on consensus, as explained in this article by Forbes, so that no entity can take control of the data. With blockchain, you do not need a trusted third party to monitor or validate transactions.
5. Edge Computing
Previously a technological trend to observe, cloud computing has become the mainstream, with the main actors AWS (Amazon Web Services), Microsoft Azure and Google Cloud dominating the market. The adoption of cloud computing continues to grow, as more and more companies migrate to a solution in the cloud. But it is no longer emerging technology. The edge is. Move, cloud computing, and open the way to the edge.
6. Virtual reality and augmented reality.
Virtual reality (VR) immerses the user in an environment, while Augment Reality (AR) improves its environment. Although VR has been used primarily for games so far, it has also been used for training, as with VirtualShip, a simulation software used to train the captains of the United States Navy, the Army and the Guard. Coastal The popular Pokemon Go is an example of AR.
Cybersecurity may not seem like an emerging technology, since it has been around for a while, but is evolving just like other technologies. That's partly because the threats are constantly new. Malevolent hackers attempting to illegally access data will not surrender soon and will continue to find ways to overcome even the most stringent security measures. It is also partly because the new technology is being adapted to improve safety. Three of those advances are hardware authentication, cloud technology and deep learning, according to one expert. Another adds data loss prevention and behavior analysis to the list. While we have hackers, we will have cybersecurity as an emerging technology because it will evolve constantly to defend against those hackers.
8. Internet of things
Although it sounds like a game you would play on your smartphone, the Internet of Things (IoT) is the future. Many "things" are now being built with WiFi connectivity, which means they can connect to the Internet, and to each other. Hence, the Internet of things, or IoT. IoT allows devices, appliances, cars and much more to connect and exchange data over the Internet. And we are only in the initial stages of IoT: the amount of IoT devices reached at 8.4 billion in 2017 is and is expected to reach 30 billion devices by 2020.
By: Preeti Narula