Architecture Of Harappan Civilization
Editorials News | May-09-2022
The Indian civilization, which is among the earliest and greatest of all Civilizations that existed in the world had its origin around the Indus River. Since it was first explored in 1921, the exploration is continuously been done with new theories emerging. The Indus River Valley Civilization that contribute to the Indian subcontinent along with the modern-day Afghanistan and Pakistan corridor was the first Civilization in Indian history. Harappa was among the first explored cities found around this Indus River Valley Region, that derive its existence from Old Bronze Age, and it was the core of the Indus Civilization has forth it was also known as a "Harappan Civilization".
Harappan Civilization included many prominent cities like Kalibangan, Lothal, and Mohenjo Daro which all were extremely popular for their art and culture and especially for their architecture.
The Harappan architecture was constituted of two-division based on the altitude of the town. The relatively higher region of the west was small but full of cultural diversity and comprised religious-spiritual buildings granaries for storing and large assembly halls. This higher architectural area was turned into the "Citadel" which was broadly only for the sophisticated and rich class of the society.
However, the relatively lower land of West was large and designed in rectangular sections of the grid. This "lower town" was a flourished Urban architecture with a well-planned grid, and major roads connecting small streets at right angles. There were one or two-storied buildings in the "Architecture of Harappan Civilisation" with country yards and made with fired and mortared bricks, and the mud- bricks were sun-dried to provide integral strength to the buildings. The architecture is even comprised of well-constructed Water Supply and Drainage systems connecting residential buildings, halls, and architectural farms. The systems were covered and formed in long straight lines along with the inspection holes at a fixed distance to serve the maintenance purpose.
Hence, this Harappan Architecture was well mentalized baked- bricked walls, and a well-defined drainage system, which formed the foundation of Indian Architecture and redefined its boundaries.