Role Of Nature vs. Nurture In Human Development

Editorials News | Nov-10-2023

Role Of Nature vs. Nurture In Human Development

It is a common argument that has interested scholars, teachers as well and the public at large, whether it’s nature or nurture. The concept is built around the idea that there exists a greater influence on nature as compared to nurture. To begin with, human development is a compound mix of genetics, heredity, and environment. Nature vs. nurture is a rather complex concept that has an intricate interplay with one another towards influencing who we become.

Nature: The Influence of Genetics

1. Innate Traits:
Here nature means genes from our biological parents. For instance, some include inborn features like eye color variations, heights, and predisposition to ailment. Our physical and cognitive characteristics are rooted in genetic information.

2. Biological Predispositions:
In most cases, genes determine or help in determining whether one is vulnerable to a condition or disorder. For instance, some people are genetically predisposed to develop disorders such as schizophrenia, autism, and even Alzheimer’s disease.

3. Intelligence and Talent:
Although the controversy over the inheritability of intelligence remains unresolved, it is evident that genetics may contribute to one’s specific skill or ability. Some research shows that musical talent, mathematical competence, or creativity can come out of genes.

Nurture: The Impact of Environment

1. Early Childhood:
Children grow up exposed to numerous environmental circumstances like the nature of parents, exposure to language and culture, and quality of care, among others. These factors could influence children’s emotional development, social skills, as well as cognitive skills.

2. Education:
Cognitive development, academic attainments, and personal growth are facilitated by formal education coupled with peer interactions. These include quality of education, availability of resources, and supportive learning environments.``

3. Socioeconomic Factors:
People develop in a context that comprises the socio-cultural situation they grew up in. This, in turn, determines the resources they have access to, opportunities that are available for them, and their general well-being.

4. Cultural and Social Influences:
Sometimes cultural norms, social values, and expected behaviors can influence who we are, what we believe about ourselves, or how we see ourselves. The influence of these factors plays an important part in constructing one’s identity and personal meaning.

The interplay of nature and nurture.
We need to understand it is a myth that the nature and nurture forces are against each other, but rather they go together.

The following points highlight the interaction between genetics and the environment:

1. Epigenetics:
The intersection of nature and nurture is evident in the epigenetic mechanism that allows genes to express according to surrounding conditions. Such adjustments can also be inherited hence influencing one’s growth and development.

2. Gene-Environment Interaction:
However, an individual’s genetic predisposition can be either magnified or neutralized by the surrounding environment. Take for example inborn obesity that might get worse due to eating junk food and not exercising.

3. Sensitive Periods:
Sensitive periods are times in human development when particular environmental experiences have profound effects on a person’s growth. Like, for instance, it is easier to learn a new language at an early age when the brain is more malleable.

Conclusion, The nature vs. development debate is not an issue of selection between genetic factors and environmental influences; instead, it means that both are present in human development. Recognizing this reciprocity helps us recognize the one-of-a-kind nature of any individual’s growth path, emphasizing an all-inclusive perspective on viewing human progress and possibility. Nature and nurture both play an important role in creating our identity, which makes it an interesting part of psychology as well as other subjects.

By : Parth Yadav
Anand School of Excellence