The green politics or green motion or environmental motion can be defined as a social movement for the conservation of the surroundings or for the development of the state coverage in particular inclined closer to the environment. Here, we're giving a short history of the Environmental Movements in India in order to beautify the expertise of the readers about how the mass movement can store the atrocities in opposition to the surroundings.
1. Bishnoi Movement
Bishnoi is a religious sect observed inside the Western Thar Desert and northern states of India. It became based on means of Guru Maharaj Jambaji in 1485 AD in the Marwar (Jodhpur) wasteland region of western Rajasthan, India. It is a non-violent community of nature worshippers. This motion becomes commenced by way of sage Sombaji round 1700 AD against deforestation. After that Amrita Devi forwarded the movement. The 363 humans from the Bishnoi community were killed in the protest. When the king of this place got here to recognize the protest and killing then he rushed to the village and apologized, and declared the vicinity as a blanketed location. It is noteworthy that this legislation nonetheless exists these days.
2. Chipko Movement
It becomes launched from Gopeshwar in Chamoli district, Uttarakhand in 1973. The movement was to save you unlawful reducing of timber in the Himalayan place (Uttarakhand). Sunderlal Bahuguna and Chandi Prasad Bhatt have been the leaders of this motion. The maximum first-rate traits of this movement had been the involvement of ladies.
3. Appiko Movement
In 1983, on the lines of the Chipko Movement, Pandurang Hegde launched a motion that's come to known as Appiko Movement in Karnataka. Its foremost targets were forestation as well as improvement, conservation, and proper usage of forests within the best way. That means “app ko” is to express one's affection for a tree by embracing it.
4. Silent Valley Movement
It is a place of tropical evergreen forests in Kerala. It is very rich in biodiversity. The environmentalists and the local community strongly objected to the hydel energy mission being installation here in 1973. Under stress, the government had to claim it the countrywide reserve forests in 1985.
5. Jungle Bachao Andolan
The tribal network of Singhbhum district of Jharkhand (Previously, it changed into a district of India during the British Raj, a part of the Chota Nagpur Division of the Bengal Presidency) agitated in opposition to the woodland policy of the Government in 1982. The Government desired to replace the natural soil, forests with the high priced teak. Many environmentalists seek advice from this motion as “Greed Game Political Populism”
6. Narmada Bachao Movement
The environmentalists and the local community started a protest against the building of dams on the Narmada for the manufacturing of hydroelectricity on account that 1985 which changed into popularly called Narmada Bachao Aandolan. Medha Patkar has been the chief of this mandolin who got assists from the Arundhati Roy, Baba Amte, and Aamir Khan.
By- Shubhi Singh