Jallianwala Bagh Massacre

General News | Nov-28-2023

Jallianwala Bagh Massacre

The Jallianwala Bagh massacre, widely seen as a turning point in the Indian national movement, brought to the fore the brutal and oppressive face of British rule and exposed its claims that British rule was a boon to Indians. Historians believe that this event ended the "moral" claim of the British to rule India. Even the story is recorded in the history books. Mahatma Gandhi called for a nationwide strike against the Rowlett Act, which was followed by large-scale demonstrations in many parts in late March and early April and resulted in the massacre of 13 April 1919. What remains to be understood, is how and why this massacre became the ultimate center of nationwide agitation. Punjab had seen the most demonstrations and brutal persecution, in which at least 1,2oo people were killed and 3,600 were injured. Punjab was considered a stronghold of British rule, which took pride in the fact that it brought prosperity to that state by developing colonies and railways. The contribution of the people here in the Indian army was also important. However, under the guise of development, the British government wanted to brutally suppress all those voices and this was seen during the revolt of 1857, the Kuka movement of the 1870s as well as the Ghadar movement of 1914-15.

The place where this public meeting was held was a garden called Jallianwala Bagh which was surrounded. General Dyer had stationed his soldiers on the only narrow entrance to the garden was surrounded on three sides by the back buildings. Dyer arrived with his army at around 4:30 pm. Dyer ordered 150 soldiers to open fire without warning and within minutes fired 1650 rounds of bullets at a crowd of unarmed children, women, and old people running screaming, and panicking. Many of them were killed by bullets and many were killed by bullets and were crushed to death in the stampede of people trying to save their lives. Many people trying to save their lives. More than 1000 innocent people died in this incident. British Prime Minister David Cameron had visited this place recently. Historians believe that the massacre was a well-planned conspiracy by O 'Dwyer and other British officials, to intimidate the Punjabis to maintain control over Punjab. Not only this, o 'Dwyer did not back down from the support of General Dyer even later.

By:Srishti Rathod

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