A fracture occurs when a bone becomes cracked or broken; this will happen to any bone within the body. Fractures are common in sport, particularly in touch sports like football and rugby. The foremost common injuries include fractured wrists, hands, collarbones and bones within the ankle and feet. Stress fractures are quite common in sports which involve repetitive movements; long-distance runners often suffer from stress fractures within the foot, for instance. Common symptoms include swelling, redness and pain; many fractures are often extremely painful and most will swell immediately. More complex fractures may break the skin; during this case, the injury is going to be clearly visible and immediately diagnosable. Fractures generally restrict or prohibit movement within the area for a period of time; this may vary counting on the severity of the injury. Treatment generally depends on the character of the fracture but rest is universally recognised because of the most vital sort of treatment. Initially, ice will usually be applied to the affected area; this may help to scale back swelling. Anti-inflammatory medication and pain relief also will be prescribed to ease pain and further reduce swelling. In many cases, the fractures bone are going to be immobilised for a period of time; this might involve having a cast fitted, wearing a sling or using crutches for example; this may allow the bone time to heal.
More complex fractures may require realignment which can involve using pins, wires or nails; these will help to repair the bone back in its original place. Once the healing process is almost complete, a course of physiotherapy will usually be recommended; this may help to strengthen the world and improve flexibility and movement. Stress fractures require an extended period of rest, which can last up to eight weeks; this may enable the bone to heal and stop further damage. Having a healthy diet, exercising regularly, and sticking to the recommended calcium intake will generally reduce the probabilities of affected by a fracture; this may help to create strong bones and keep the body fit and healthy. Being overweight can put additional pressure on the joints and bones, which can make them more susceptible to injury. Smoking also can contribute to bone loss and slow the healing process. Resting an existing injury can help to stop any longer damage to the affected bone.
Birla School, Pilani
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