Human Development Index
Education News | Mar-15-2021
According to this report, India ranked 131 on the Human Development Index (HDI) list of 189 countries in the year 2020, Bhutan ranked 129, Bangladesh ranked 133, Nepal ranked 142, and Pakistan 154.
After the inclusion of PHDI, more than 50 countries dropped out of the high Human Development Group', indicating that they are highly dependent on fossil fuels and physical footprint.
At the time of the release of this report from the perspective of the Asia-Pacific region, in India's capital Delhi, Shoko Noda, the country representative of UNDP in India, said, "This report has come at the right time. Only last week, a climate ambition conference was held, in which the countries involved have made commitments to reduce their carbon footprint. "
The report argues that as people and planet Earth are entering a new geological age, the Anthropocene, that is, the human age, all countries must redesign their paths of progress. This can be done entirely by fixing the accountability of the pressures made by humans on the planet and by eliminating the imbalance of power and opportunity in the path of change.
Most people who come under threat from rising sea levels live in developing countries, especially in Asia and the Pacific. Environmental shocks are already one of the main causes of forced displacement worldwide, so it is estimated that by the year 2050, more than 1 billion people worldwide may face displacement.
"This combination forces us to rethink our lifestyles, behaviors, and decisions to ensure that this era does not push us into the trough. It provides examples of countries around the world, how each of us asks them to Take inspiration. "
Based on the report, UNDP-India has proposed a solution system for the area based on three pillars of nature, incentives, and social norms for managing the complex issue of development.
Some of these are - conservation of coastal bushes, encourage solar energy, and reduce the use of single-use plastics. The report also mentions the National Solar Mission and the ambitious renewable energy targets adopted by India.
According to the report, in the next front of human development, there will be a need to work in reconciliation with nature, instead of going against nature, making necessary changes in social development, values, and financial incentives.
By: Akshit Sharma
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