Urbanization word mainly refers to the increase in the population of the city areas and the decrease of population in rural areas. This can lead to overcrowding where a huge number of people live in a small space. This form of congestions in urban areas is consistent because of overpopulation and it is an aspect that is increasing day by day as more people and immigrants move into cities and towns in search of a better life and different types of occupations. It also affects the physical environment through the impacts of the number of people, their activities, and the increased demands on the resources. Urban populations interact with their environment. These people can even change their environment by the consumption of food, energy, water, and land. These polluted areas affect the health and quality of life of the people living in these areas. People have built various factories in order to produce different products and resources. These factories produce harmful gas known as Carbon Dioxide (CO2) which increases the pollution level in our environment or our surroundings. Auto Mobiles and different vehicles being used today popularly exhaust the Carbon Dioxide in the large amounts. The social, economic and living conditions in congested urban areas affects access and utilization of public health care services. As there is an increase in the number of people, they would require more space so the people cut down trees in forests for a required location to build houses for the people and also there is greater usage of different vehicles like private and public transports. The pollution is mainly divided into 3 groups or categories. These are land/soil pollution, air, and water pollution. Humans dump waste in the soil which causes land pollution. The factories initially remove or throw their waste materials in water and people wash their clothes and clean their animals in the river water which leads to water pollution. The crackers are burnt all over India mainly in urban areas during festivals, increased use of vehicles, exhaust Carbon Dioxide, and the factories also produce these harmful gases in city areas. These all are examples of air pollution. These all can be controlled by a few steps like we can reduce the use of vehicles, not burning crackers to reduce air pollution. There is also noise pollution which is always highly increased in these areas. The Ozone layer is a layer in the Earth’s atmosphere that protects us from the harmful Ultra Violet (UV) rays of the sun which can cause skin cancers, but due to the increase in the pollution level in the air can cause this layer to break off. Air pollution has also increased with the increasing use of air conditioners due to the increased population in urban areas. Thus, it is very important that we control the pollution level of urban areas so that people can remain free of illness and diseases from pollution like lung disease and they can live in a healthy and clean environment. There are 2 famous slogans:
By: Arul Kashyap
School: Delhi Public School
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