Braille - A Language For Blind People



Braille is a system for blind or low vision people to read the raised dots by touching them with the fingers. People with perfect vision read Braille with their eyes. Braille is code not a language in fact languages such as English, Hindi, Arabic, Japanese, and many others can be written and read by Braille. For thousands of people, it is a native language that helps in literacy. Including America eight English speaking countries using Unified English Braille for reading material. Braille code was invented by Louis Braille, who was born in Coupvray, France on 4th January 1809. As a student, he attended the National Institute for Blind Youth in Paris, France. At that time books with the raised print were created that were very hard to read and difficult for the individual to write. He tried to create an alphabet that is easy to read with fingertips. At the age of fifteen, he invented writing system.

Braille symbols are formed within units of space known as Braille cells. A Braille cell consists of six raised dots arranged in two parallel rows each having three dots. 64 combinations are possible using these 6 dots. An alphabet, letter, or number can be used to represent using one dot. It referred to as unconstructed Braille when every letter of every word is expressed in Braille. Some books are written in unconstructed Braille for young children and less widely used as reading material for adults. The technology for the higher study for blind people is improving day by day some great is A ring to read any text, touch screen capable of creating images and braille, 3D printing of children book, etc.

 

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