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How China Envisions Modernizing Its Education System Through 2035

How China Envisions Modernizing Its Education System Through 2035


The most populous country in the world - China - has plans to modernize its education efficiently till 2035. It has already prepared new plans and created a first draft for the same on how it intends to do in the next 15 years. What can be inferred from this draft is that the country will be focusing on three factors to achieve its goals:


  1. Spending
  2. Access to preschools
  3. Vocational training


China is planning to allot a part of its GDP towards education to achieve its goal. The country is committed to its education system and has been spending a major chunk of its GDP on the education. To enumerate, government of China has spent a total of 4.14% of GDP on education in the year 2017. They have also announced that the plan is to go no lower than 4% in the coming years, excluding "extreme circumstances". The amount can be roughly related to the GDP that the government of Western countries spends on education system.


Beijing is also hoping that more private companies will be joining them in their mission to modernise education system. However, details of the same are sparse right now. This also falls in line with China’s trend towards privatising its economy more.


The country is also aspiring to build more affordable private kindergarten. There are also plans to enhance rural education to promote education in less developed areas of the country. The move comes with country noticing a distinct shortage of early-education schools especially in rural parts.


Beijing will also motivate young people to attend high school, but will stress more on vocational education - which is basically training for specific types of jobs.


In conclusion, the draft plan states support for the widespread global array of Confucius Institutes - which is basically a Chinese government-funded education initiative that partners with schools and universities globally. This might prove to be a challenge, mainly because countries have been pushing back against what they perceive as the institute's presentation of "one-sided" curricula.