All About Behavioral Psychology

Editorials News | Jul-19-2021

All About Behavioral Psychology

Martin Seligman has quoted that “positive psychology aims to catalyze a change in psychology from a preoccupation only with repairing the worst things in life to also building the best qualities in life’’. The potential behavioral change or relatively permanent behavioral change are the two aspects that can be defined as a learning process. According to this school of thought, the behavior can be studied in a systematic order and an observing manner notwithstanding of internal mental states. Only evident behavior should be considered, apprehension ¸emotions, and moods are far too subjective for behavioral psychology. Behaviorism was formally established with the 1913 publication of John

B. Watson's classic paper, "Psychology as the Behaviorist Views It" is best summed up by the following quote from Watson, who is often considered the "father" of behaviorism.” "Give me a dozen healthy infants, well-formed, and my specified world to bring them up in and I'll guarantee to take anyone at random and train him to become any type of specialist I might select—doctor, lawyer, artist, merchant- chief and, yes, even beggar-man and thief, regardless of his talents, penchants, tendencies, abilities, vocations, and race of his ancestors." In behavioral psychology, the “ CONDITIONING” is divided into two parts [1] Classical conditioning and [2] operant conditioning.

[1] Classical conditioning - is a technique that is frequently used in the comparison of natural stimulus from the naturally occurring stimulus. This type of stimulus is termed the conditioned stimulus and the learned stimulus from this is termed a conditioned response.

[2] Operant conditioning - our life when we face reinforcements and punishments. From the operant behavior, we can easily associate between behavior and the consequences of that behavior. When a desirable action is more likely for that to happen in the future again while on the other hand, adverse actions reactions are less predictable to occur in the future.


[1] Learning can occur through associations – In this, classical conditioning works in the association between a naturally occurring stimulus and environmental stimulus. Ivan Pavlov’s experiments help to understand this, that dog salivates on the ringing of a bell at first and the sight of a lab assistant white coat.

[2] Different factors also influence the classical conditioning process – during the first of this conditioning i.e. ACQUISITION a response is established and strengthened while in the EXTINCTION process, the behavior gradually weakens and vanishes. Factors such as
confidence and strength can help in quick extension.

By: Anisha Sen 


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