Balancing the Biodiversity with the Help of Peat-Land Plants

Editorials News | Nov-01-2017

Balancing the Biodiversity with the Help of Peat-Land Plants

Plants have the capacity to adopt themselves according to the climate they live in. It is true that many of the species in a peat bog's plant 'community' disappear because of the effect of rising temperatures and increasing levels of sulphur and nitrogen. The place of those plants will be filled by other species with various other environmental preferences.

A wetland that accumulates peat, a deposit of dead plant material is termed as a bog. The peat lands that are marshy and rich in vegetation they play an important role in the carbon cycle. They have the amazing feature of storing more than 500 billion tonnes of carbon. It is equivalent to 67% of carbon in the Earth's atmosphere as a whole.  The new research has concluded that if we protect peat land it could balance up to 10% of global carbon emissions. Peat lands also act as a sponge in the landscape, with the capacity of holding large amounts of water. In each bog, the species could be divided into two clusters that often grow together.

One group of plants that survive in higher temperatures and compression, the other that manage well in lower temperature. It is found that the plants in both groups have similar biological functions that indicates that bogs can function properly even with changes in the community of plant. Peat lands store a huge amount of CO2 that would otherwise contribute to global warming if be released into the atmosphere.


By-Anita Aishvarya

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