Maslow’s Hierarchy Of Needs

Editorials News | Apr-17-2022

Maslow’s Hierarchy Of Needs

Maslow’s Hierarchy Of Needs is a theory of Psychology that mentions that there are five stages of human needs that motivate our behavior. This theory was proposed by 'Abraham Maslow' in 1943 after studying what he called exemplary people such as 'Albert Einstein' or 'Eleanor Roosevelt'. These were great personalities and Maslow studied their life after which he released his theory. These 5 Needs were categorized by Maslow in his "Maslow's Hierarchy Of Needs" which are:

1) Physiological Needs: These include needs such as the need to breathe, eat, drink or sleep when we believe that we have got enough of these requirements and feel satisfied, we get motivated by the next thing.

2) Safety Needs: We humans also need safety against numerous dangers for which we earn money and build up resources and then look for shelter that protects us against dangers. If we feel satisfied with our safety we then think of other necessities.

3) Love & Belonging Needs: Maslow told us that in Stage 3 we need Love and Belongings where we aspire to be close to family and friends and part of our desired group. And as soon as we feel a part of a group, we would want to be different from the crowd. That is where stage 4 of need comes for us.

4) Esteem Needs: At Stage 4 we look for Esteem which means we desire self-confidence in ourselves and respect from our peers. We want to establish our own identity for which we use sources like money or status. At this point, the motivation to perform and complete is the highest and we want to excel in our fields. After, all these needs are fulfilled only then do we reach Stage 5.

5) Self-Actualization: This is the Stage where we can relax, be creative and do whatever we want. At this stage, humans feel less pressure, unless of course if trouble exists.

Thus, the output of the theory of the "Maslow's Hierarchy Of Needs" is that we should ensure we have eaten and slept well. Then make ourselves feel safe and also feel to belong in a group where we still stand out and excel.

By : Parth Aggarwal
S. D. Public School