Abolition Of Slavery

Editorials News | Apr-15-2022

Abolition Of Slavery

Slavery is a state of enslavement where the worker is forbidden to quit the service and is treated as the owner's property. So in simple terms, it means that the worker is not allowed to leave the work if he is dissatisfied rather the people were forced and maltreated by the enslaver. This brutal treatment of Slavery was adopted mostly in ancient France and then spread throughout the world. Slavery was started only for the sole reason of earning money. In ancient times, the colonies like Caribbean Martinique, Guadeloupe, and San Domingo were the major producers and suppliers of commodities such as tobacco, sugar, coffee, and indigo. But the Europeans were reluctant to work in extreme conditions and they refused to go to distant and unfamiliar lands. This refusal to go became the cause of the shortage of labor at the plantation sites. Hence, the shortage of labor leads to the beginning of the slave trade in the 17th century where French merchants sailed from French Ports to the African Coast and bought the slaves to fulfill the shortage of labor and growing demand for products.

Slavery was always a matter of concern for all Revolutionaries during the French Revolution and after the framing of the Constitution at the National Assembly a new club called "Jacobins Club" emerged in France. This club became popular and its leader 'Maximilien Robespierre' introduced many major changes in France among which "Abolition of Slavery" was a prominent change where he abolished all kinds of slavery practiced in France. This was truly a revolution social reform executed in the Jacobin Regime because the "Abolition Of Slavery" affected wealthy merchants and hence the merchants always forced the government not to ban slavery.

But 10 years after Robespierre's death Napoleon Bonaparte announced himself ruler of France and reintroduced slavery in France. Finally, in 1848, slavery was completely abolished in France and the tradition of exploiting slaves was banned.

By : Parth Aggarwal
S. D. Public School

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