Journalism is the process of gathering and presenting factual information. This information can be used to transmit the story to the public and create a record for archival purpose. This can be done by print, digital, television, photography and other alternatives medium.
One of the most important elements of journalism is that it relies on the first-hand accounts, research, and quotations and on the factual information. Reporters and other creators of journalists work and conduct investigation by searching primary source material and talking to eyewitnesses and other involved in the story.
Journalism covers news from several angles. Events happen in which news editors know their target audience would want to inform of, for ex.: accident and natural calamities. And there are regular events, planned activities that are news worthy, such as country commissioners meeting at the football stadium.
Importance of Journalism:
Journalism doesn't have only one sole purpose. Informing society become well informed andproviding them with reliable information is incredibly important. There is another duty of journalists to disseminate the accurate news to the public, true source without being biased or taking sides.
Journalists are counted on the supply of wide range of information from political to technology news. All walks of people rely on the work of journalists to keep them knowledge about the world on various topics. With the advancement of technology all the news are being available on phone, society is able to able to read journalists’ work anywhere they go. This opens the channel of knowledge and education to anyone who is willing to embrace it.
How to write a good report:
Nowadays any one can write anything and pass it off as news. A news channels can hire any average person to write their news and fill the pages. In order to catch theaudience attention, good story needs to be thought provoking and informative.Journalists uses all their skills to write the good report that enlightened public, but inspire them to learn more.
Readers actually show their interest, if that story has a relevance of their life than something that does not. It is emotionally and geographically, it is also important to prove how it is relevant to the readers or not. You can also add detailed facts, statistics or even the opinion.
Details and Context:
Journalistscan rely on detail to help them provide their audience something concrete tograsp. Instead of overloading the story with facts, details can help pinpointthe right facts that should be the focus. Mixing both of context and details together guarantees a strong finished piece.
Journalists’ ethics and standards:
After having so many debates about ethics or conflicts of interests, many journalist shaves discovered ethics and worldwide. There are some principles which help provide journalists with a structure to follow for self - regulations.
Truth and Accuracy:
Truth is the most important element when it comes to writing the report. This is the reason why truthfulness and accuracy make up one of the most important standard in the journalism ethics. It is important for the writers to correct them in the most accurate and truth way possible.
Considering Slander and Libel:
Libel and written defamation of character, is something which journalist needs to stay away. It totally damages the reputation of the writer or the publication they work for. Many companies do have the libel insurance to cover their writers in order to save them from law suit.
Another factor that plays a very important role in the field of journalism that is used very frequently nowadays to get more viewers or advertising numbers sensationalism. There are many tactics to do this by hiding some of the factual information, purposely being controversial, engaging emotions being dull-witted.
Media bias comes when media shows some favoritism in the selection of events and news. There are many watchdog groups internationally that help to detect and media report bias out of the industry.
FairGaze,largest K- 12 Media has conducted journalism and online newsletter training atS.D. Public School, Pitampura , New Delhi on 30th August, 2019 in the school premises by the Assistant Editor of FairGaze, Ms. Bhavna Sharma. Here, she interacted with PROs and student journalists of S.D. Public School and taught them about journalistic ethics and standards. Trainer also discussed about the Online Newsletter and how to write good report. In the workshop they discussed about the news element that are needed while writing for the online newsletter. Also, how to earn and represent as a journalist of the school, and how to improve their written and oral communications were discussed. Pros and cons of the Journalism field was also a concerned sub topic that was discussed.
By:Lakshender S. Angras
Posted By - Assistant Editor