Unity in Diversity in India

20 Nov 2018

Today, we see a world trembling with violence, anger, and discord. We see, look, and feel anxiety and tension everywhere. Groupism keeps giving a constant feeling of apprehension and rivalry. There is one country which in spite of being in the heart of these problems showcases a constant perception of oneness. That country is India. India truly understands that the creator of the entire universe is one and never loses sight of our inherent unity. 

Bharatvarsha or India – the name of this country portrays the emphasis on unity. India may not be geographically united but from time immemorial it has been considered as one country. It is more beautiful, generous, diverse, and welcoming than one can ever imagine or feel while just reading or watching videos. Without experiencing it with your own eyes, you can never understand the reasons for this land to be so united in its diverse ways. You have to live this experience. There are many factors on which the diversity of India is based on:

History: Home to people of all religions, India has been primarily a land of Hindus invaded by Muslim kings and ruled by Britishers. Even after undergoing multiple religious riots and religious tensions, India, deep inside, is a land where people from different religion share a bond which goes back centuries.

Religious Tolerance: Guarantee by the constitution of India, each religion here has got equal freedom. People here are free to practice any religion of their choice. You can see Hindus, Muslims, Sikhs, and Christians to use greetings from each other's language. Hindus can greet by saying 'Salaam Waleikum' and Muslims can greet saying 'Namaste'. It's a land where multiple festivals are celebrated like Eid, Diwali, Holi, Christmas, Gurupurab, and many others.

Non-Violence: Consider the life story of Mahatma Gandhi and you will realize the glorifying non-violence which is one of the bedrock principles of India. He was the biggest preacher of non-violence and every school taught children about him on every nook and corner.

Rivers: Rivers are largely responsible for giving a sense of unity in the country. Some rivers are considered sacred and are worshipped by Indians like the river Ganga. Pilgrims from across the globe visit various holy places situated on the banks of the rivers. Yamuna and Saraswati are also worshipped here, so in spite of geographical diversity, India has enjoyed a typical unity.

Linguistic Unity: Prakrit was one single language in the 3rd century B.C. Which was considered sufficient for bringing messages of a royal missionary to the doors of his humblest subject? After this, Sanskrit has become the most common language of the masses. Many languages owe their origin to Sanskrit like Hindi, Gujarati, and Tamil. With the coming of Britishers, English became the lingua franca after Sanskrit. Vedas, Puranas, Dharma Sastras, and Upanishads were written in Sanskrit and are considered as the common treasure by the people all over the country.

Political Unity: The unity of India in the political vertical has been one of the greatest goals which are cherished by most Indian rulers. Divided into many small principalities, the powerful rulers were always keen to bring all the regions of India under their control. There were many rulers in ancient times like Chandra Gupta Maurya, Ashoka, and Samundra Gupta who carved out all India Empires. These great leaders provide a similar system of administration, uniform laws, and customs.

With a total land of 33 million square kilometers and a population exceeding 100 crores, India is a vast peninsula and is generally referred to as a sub-continent. It is a plural society with an amalgamation of diverse cultures, languages, religions, and races. Even though sharp economic and social inequalities have obstructed the emergence of equalitarian social relations, national unity and integrity have been maintained considerably. This synthesis has made India a unique mosaic of cultures.

Unity in Diversity of India teaches us many things one of which is that our differences do not need to keep us apart. People of India can be different but still, support each other, work together, and have common goals. It is a lesson which helps us to live together in a loving and kinder way. Since the ancient times, the powerful kings and rulers were inspired by one united India which is indivisible. We all celebrate together the National festivals even in a modern time like Independence day, republic day, Gandhi Jayanti, etc. Widely celebrated in all schools, colleges, universities, these special days give us a sense of unity and togetherness. Every Indian see the ceremony of flag hoisting at Red fort and listens to the Prime Minister spoke. A similar event takes place in every state which displays the oneness and indivisible character of India. 

There are so many differences in the Hindu Muslim community in India in regards to their language, customs, rituals, and ideologies but still, they are living together peacefully and brought up by the same motherland. They have deep respect for each other and celebrate each other's festivals with joy and happiness. They even influence each other by the ideals of oriental civilization. 

Different regions of this large country India observe variations in climate. Different types of garments, languages, religions, cultures, customs, faiths, and festivals can be seen giving a feel of unity and oneness among them. All these factors prove that India is a land of unity in diversity.

By: Preeti Narula

Posted By - Assistant Editor