Student Article / Academic

Effect Of Global Warming On Climate

Effect Of Global Warming On Climate

Assistant Editor

22 Apr, 2020

Global warming is the long-term heating of Earth’s climate systemobserved since the pre-industrial period (between 1850 and 1900) due to humanactivities, primarily fossil fuel burning, which increases heat-trappinggreenhouse gas levels in Earth’s atmosphere. The term is frequently usedinterchangeably with the term climate change, though the latter refers to bothhuman- and naturally produced warming and the effects it has on our planet. Itis most commonly measured as the average increase in Earth’s global surfacetemperature. Heat is energy and when you add energy to any system changes occur.

Because all systems in the global climate system areconnected, adding heat energy causes the global climate as a whole to change.

Much of the world is covered with ocean which heats up. Whenthe ocean heats up, more water evaporates into clouds.

Where storms like hurricanes and typhoons are forming, theresult is more energy-intensive storms. A warmer atmosphere makes glaciers andmountain snowpacks, the Polar ice cap, and the great ice shield jutting off ofAntarctica melts rising sea levels.

By: Pradeep Lochan Panda, HOD Physics